2,101 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Deployment of a retinal determination gene network drives directed cell migration in the sea urchin embryo

    Megan L Martik, David R McClay
    The gene regulatory network controlling directed cell migration in a sea urchin is strikingly similar to a sub-circuit for eye development in Drosophila, suggesting that ancient systems-level controls may be adapted for diverse functions in different animals.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Dynamic action of the Sec machinery during initiation, protein translocation and termination

    Tomas Fessl et al.
    The complex process of protein translocation across membranes has been dissected into multiple key steps and the distributions of translocation rates indicate stochastic nature of the reaction.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Advancing biology through a deeper understanding of zebrafish ecology and evolution

    David M Parichy
    The zebrafish is a premier model organism for biomedical research, with a rich array of tools and genomic resources, and combining these with a fuller appreciation of wild zebrafish ecology could greatly extend its utility in biological research.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    GUY1 confers complete female lethality and is a strong candidate for a male-determining factor in Anopheles stephensi

    Frank Criscione et al.
    Evidence that the small GUY1 protein is a strong candidate for being a male-determining factor is provided via the establishment of Guy1 transgenic lines of mosquitoes that confer complete and stable female lethality.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sexual Differentiation: A matter of timing

    Michael W Perry, Claude Desplan
    A genetic pathway involved in development works together with the sex-determination pathway to control the timing of sexually dimorphic neural development in C. elegans.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Point of View: Is cell size a spandrel?

    Ariel Amir
    Analysis of experiments on bacteria suggests that the dependence of cell size on growth rate is not an adaptation but a causal consequence of a regulatory mechanism that controls DNA replication.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Research: Titles and abstracts of scientific reports ignore variation among species

    Barbara R Migeon
    Ignoring the probability of species variation when reporting observations about biological processes leads to misinterpretation of the experimental data.
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Genetic, evolutionary and plant breeding insights from the domestication of maize

    Sarah Hake, Jeffrey Ross-Ibarra
    Comparing maize to its wild ancestor teosinte advances our understanding of how it and other cereal crops evolved, and also identifies the genetic variation that can contribute to important agricultural traits.
  1. Research: Gender bias in scholarly peer review

    Markus Helmer et al.
    Gender-bias in peer reviewing might persist even when gender-equity is reached because both male and female editors operate with a same-gender preference whose characteristics differ by editor-gender.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Science Forum: The Human Cell Atlas

    Aviv Regev et al.
    Advances in techniques for analysing single cells and tissues have inspired an international effort to create comprehensive reference maps of all human cells - the fundamental units of life - as a basis for both understanding human health and diagnosing, monitoring and treating disease.

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