820 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Testicular hormones mediate robust sex differences in impulsive choice in rats

    Caesar M Hernandez et al.
    Sex differences in impulsive decision making, such that males are less impulsive than females, are critically dependent upon testicular but not ovarian hormones.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Ovariectomy uncouples lifespan from metabolic health and reveals a sex-hormone-dependent role of hepatic mTORC2 in aging

    Sebastian I Arriola Apelo et al.
    Metabolic health and longevity can be separated by ovariectomy, which also protects female mice lacking hepatic mTORC2 from midlife mortality.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Cancer Risk: Why do women with melanoma do better than men?

    Keiran SM Smalley
    Harnessing female sex hormones may improve how all patients with melanoma respond to treatment.
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    1. Cell Biology

    Sex steroids regulate skin pigmentation through nonclassical membrane-bound receptors

    Christopher A Natale et al.
    Two receptors have been identified that can be targeted in melanocytes with selective small molecule agonists to modulate human skin color.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Perinatal hormones favor CC17 group B Streptococcus intestinal translocation through M cells and hypervirulence in neonates

    Constantin Hays et al.
    Hormonal concentrations found in over 7-day-old neonates favor CC17 GBS invasiveness in a process linked to intestinal M cells maturation and mediated by the CC17 GBS surface protein Srr2.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV in Women: How HIV exploits T cells in the endometrium

    Marta Rodriguez-Garcia
    Immune cells in the endometrium are targeted by HIV and re-programmed to allow them to survive and spread the virus throughout the body.
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    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Reproduction: How flies turn food into progeny

    Thomas Flatt
    Sex-optimal diets have different effects on gene expression in female and male flies.
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    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome-wide Association Study: Not so benign

    Barbara Rivera
    Susceptibility to uterine fibroids, benign tumors that affect the health of many women, is linked to genes that are responsible for preserving genome integrity and promoting genitourinary development.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Sex Difference: What does cannabis do to the brain before birth?

    Stefano Musardo, Camilla Bellone
    Being exposed to cannabinoids in the womb has different consequences for male and female rats. .
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