635 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    PHLPP1 counter-regulates STAT1-mediated inflammatory signaling

    Ksenya Cohen Katsenelson et al.
    Uncovering a mechanism for how inflammatory signaling is opposed by a phosphatase identifies a potential druggable target to treat E. coli sepsis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Ancestral reconstruction reveals mechanisms of ERK regulatory evolution

    Dajun Sang et al.
    Tight regulation of a central developmental kinase cascade evolved through two key mutations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Nedd4 E3 ligase and beta-arrestins regulate ubiquitination, trafficking, and stability of the mGlu7 receptor

    Sanghyeon Lee et al.
    β-arrestins recruit Nedd4 ubiquitin E3 ligase to mGlu7 receptor and facilitate ubiquitination, endocytosis, ERK signaling, and stability of mGlu7 at presynaptic terminals.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Impaired skeletal muscle mitochondrial pyruvate uptake rewires glucose metabolism to drive whole-body leanness

    Arpit Sharma et al.
    Skeletal muscle mitochondrial pyruvate carrier disruption increases muscle fatty acid oxidation and systemic glucose turnover that drive whole-body leanness.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuropeptide B mediates female sexual receptivity in medaka fish, acting in a female-specific but reversible manner

    Towako Hiraki-Kajiyama et al.
    In the brain of medaka fish, neuropeptide B acts directly downstream of estrogen in a female-specific but reversible manner to mediate female receptivity to male courtship.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Ancient origins of arthropod moulting pathway components

    André Luiz de Oliveira et al.
    Evolutionary reconstruction of the ecdysis pathway shows that its major elements are present in the majority of metazoans, providing evidence that they originated much earlier than currently assumed.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Trans-toxin ion-sensitivity of charybdotoxin-blocked potassium-channels reveals unbinding transitional states

    Hans Moldenhauer et al.
    Detection of unbinding transitional states in the charybdotoxin first-order dissociation from a Kv-channel reveals that the bound neurotoxin wobbles, suggesting diverse intermediates and dissociation pathways in this protein–protein interaction.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Single-cell sequencing of neonatal uterus reveals an Misr2+ endometrial progenitor indispensable for fertility

    Hatice Duygu Saatcioglu et al.
    Single-cell RNA sequencing of neonatal uterus revealed an Misr2+ endometrial stromal progenitor whose inhibition by ectopic administration of MIS caused uterine hypoplasia and infertility in adulthood.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    Acetylation of BMAL1 by TIP60 controls BRD4-P-TEFb recruitment to circadian promoters

    Nikolai Petkau et al.
    Acetylation of the circadian transcription factor BMAL1 by the acetyltransferase TIP60 is crucial for recruitment of the pause release factors to clock gene promoters and productive elongation of these genes.

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