819 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Secondary ossification center induces and protects growth plate structure

    Meng Xie et al.
    The principle underlying the appearance of the growth plate, an organ responsible for longitudinal growth, has implications for various cartilage pathologies including growth abnormalities in children, trauma and osteoarthritis.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Neuronal octopamine signaling regulates mating-induced germline stem cell increase in female Drosophila melanogaster

    Yuto Yoshinari et al.
    Genetic analyses using the fruit fly illustrate how neuronal system couples germline stem cell increase to an external cue, which is mating, through stem cell niche signaling.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Caenorhabditis elegans methionine/S-adenosylmethionine cycle activity is sensed and adjusted by a nuclear hormone receptor

    Gabrielle E Giese et al.
    Metabolic activity of the methionine/S-adenosylmethionine cycle is sensed and transcriptionally regulated by a nuclear hormone receptor in Caenorhabditis elegans in order to maintain metabolic homeostasis in a tightly controlled regime.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Sperm-specific COX6B2 enhances oxidative phosphorylation, proliferation, and survival in human lung adenocarcinoma

    Chun-Chun Cheng et al.
    The cancer testis antigen COX6B2 enhances cytochrome c oxidase activity thereby promoting proliferation and survival in cancer cells and represents a therapeutic target for inhibiting oxidative phosphorylation selectively in tumors.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Pregnancy success in mice requires appropriate cannabinoid receptor signaling for primary decidua formation

    Yingju Li et al.
    Cannabinoid signaling is critical for integration of vascular system and uterine decidualization.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Topology-driven protein-protein interaction network analysis detects genetic sub-networks regulating reproductive capacity

    Tarun Kumar et al.
    Regulatory networks of genes controlling different aspects of insect reproduction have been identified by a systems-level analysis of quantitative phenotypic information obtained from the loss of individual cell signaling genes.
    1. Cell Biology

    SWELL1 regulates skeletal muscle cell size, intracellular signaling, adiposity and glucose metabolism

    Ashutosh Kumar et al.
    LRRC8A is an essential component of a mechanoresponsive ion channel signaling complex that tunes skeletal muscle differentiation, muscle cell size, function and metabolic pathways to regulate adiposity and systemic glycemia.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    PTPRG is an ischemia risk locus essential for HCO3-dependent regulation of endothelial function and tissue perfusion

    Kristoffer B Hansen et al.
    HCO3-sensitive regulation of endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation by receptor-type tyrosine-protein phosphatase RPTPγ provides a novel mechanism for acid-base-mediated coordination of cerebrovascular perfusion during increased local metabolism and for protection against ischemia.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The genetic factors of bilaterian evolution

    Peter Heger et al.
    Advanced orthology clustering of bilaterian and non-bilaterian sequences identifies 157 bilaterian-specific genes which are linked to key morphological features of this animal group.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Establishment and maintenance of motor neuron identity via temporal modularity in terminal selector function

    Yinan Li et al.
    The terminal selector-type transcription factor UNC-3/Ebf partially modifies the suite of its target genes at different life stages to establish and maintain the identity of C. elegans motor neurons.

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