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    1. Neuroscience

    Retinal Circuits: How we see the forest and the trees

    Jeffrey S Diamond
    Specific pathways in the retina help us see spatial detail in our visual world.
    Insight
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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Genome-wide mapping of sister chromatid exchange events in single yeast cells using Strand-seq

    Clémence Claussin et al.
    Genome-wide analysis of sister chromatid exchange using single-cell sequencing reveals that most spontaneous sister chromatid exchange events are not due to the repair of double-strand DNA breaks in wild-type yeast cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Chromatin-bound CRM1 recruits SET-Nup214 and NPM1c onto HOX clusters causing aberrant HOX expression in leukemia cells

    Masahiro Oka et al.
    A key molecule that connects leukemogenic proteins to aberrant HOX gene regulation turned out to be a nuclear export factor, CRM1.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Sex difference in pathology of the ageing gut mediates the greater response of female lifespan to dietary restriction

    Jennifer C Regan et al.
    In the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster, stem cell activity ages female guts but not male guts; furthermore, males with feminized guts develop pathologies but gain an increase in lifespan through dietary restriction.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The yellow gene influences Drosophila male mating success through sex comb melanization

    Jonathan H Massey et al.
    Melanization of a secondary sexual structure facilitates male mating success in Drosophila.
    1. Neuroscience

    Embryonic transcription factor expression in mice predicts medial amygdala neuronal identity and sex-specific responses to innate behavioral cues

    Julieta E Lischinsky et al.
    Studying the development of the medial amygdala in the mouse reveals how the brain may potentially process sex differences in innate behaviors such as mating.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    ATP-induced asymmetric pre-protein folding as a driver of protein translocation through the Sec machinery

    Robin A Corey et al.
    How the process of protein folding may be controlled by the Sec machinery to assist protein transport across membranes.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    CRISPR knockouts reveal an endogenous role for ancient neuropeptides in regulating developmental timing in a sea anemone

    Nagayasu Nakanishi, Mark Q Martindale
    Analysis of the endogenous function of deeply conserved neuropeptides in sea anemones sheds light on a primitive role of nervous systems in modulating developmental timing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Nematophagous fungus Arthrobotrys oligospora mimics olfactory cues of sex and food to lure its nematode prey

    Yen-Ping Hsueh et al.
    Genetic and behavior analyses show that Caenorhabditis nematodes are lured to the predator Arthrobotrys oligospora by olfactory mimicry of food and sex cues.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Flura-seq identifies organ-specific metabolic adaptations during early metastatic colonization

    Harihar Basnet et al.
    Development and application of highly sensitive in situ transcriptomics method, Flura-seq, in identifying dynamic organ-specific transcriptomes in early stage breast cancer metastasis have been described.