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    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Evolution of gene dosage on the Z-chromosome of schistosome parasites

    Marion A L Picard et al.
    An analysis of gene dosage at the DNA, RNA and protein level yields new insights into the early stages of Z-chromosome dosage compensation in schistosome parasites.
    1. Neuroscience

    Urocortin-3 neurons in the mouse perifornical area promote infant-directed neglect and aggression

    Anita E Autry et al.
    Genetic and functional manipulations uncover urocortin-3-expressing neurons in the perifornical area of the hypothalamus as a dedicated circuit component for the expression of infant-directed neglect and aggression in mice.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Future life expectancy in Europe taking into account the impact of smoking, obesity, and alcohol

    Fanny Janssen et al.
    Accounting for the impact of smoking, obesity, and alcohol on past mortality trends, we project, compared to common practice, longer individual lifespans and more elderly in society for the future.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Evaluating distributional regression strategies for modelling self-reported sexual age-mixing

    Timothy M Wolock et al.
    Integrating the sinh-arcsinh distribution into a distributional regression framework allows us to produce precise, local estimates of sexual age-mixing, facilitating more accurate modelling of sexually transmitted disease dynamics.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Aging: A new defense in the battle of the sexes

    George L Sutphin
    Young Caenorhabditis elegans hermaphrodites use their own sperm to protect against the negative consequences of mating.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Female mice ultrasonically interact with males during courtship displays

    Joshua P Neunuebel et al.
    A microphone array enables the vocal contribution of each socially interacting individual to be quantified, and reveals that vocalizations are exchanged between the sexes during mouse courtship.
  1. Meta-Research: A 10-year follow-up study of sex inclusion in the biological sciences

    Nicole C Woitowich et al.
    Sex-inclusive research practices have increased in many biological disciplines over the past decade, yet critical sex-based analyses and reporting have remained stagnant in most of these disciplines.
    1. Neuroscience

    Social dominance mediates behavioral adaptation to chronic stress in a sex-specific manner

    Stoyo Karamihalev et al.
    Social dominance has opposing effects on behavior following stress in male vs. female mice indicating an important role in sex differences in the stress response.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Female-biased upregulation of insulin pathway activity mediates the sex difference in Drosophila body size plasticity

    Jason W Millington et al.
    The ability to adjust body size in response to diet is greater in Drosophila females than males because of a sex difference in the nutrient-dependent regulation of the insulin pathway.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cell types and neuronal circuitry underlying female aggression in Drosophila

    Catherine E Schretter et al.
    A discrete group of interconnected neurons are shown to drive aggressive social interactions in Drosophila females and genetic tools to manipulate these neuronal cell types are provided.