2,952 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Sexually dimorphic control of gene expression in sensory neurons regulates decision-making behavior in C. elegans

    Zoë A Hilbert, Dennis H Kim
    A sexually dimorphic transcriptional switch in sensory neurons integrates information about microbial environment and nutritional state to regulate exploratory behavior in C. elegans..
    1. Neuroscience

    Stimulus salience determines defensive behaviors elicited by aversively conditioned serial compound auditory stimuli

    Sarah Hersman et al.
    Perceived imminence of threat and resulting intensity of defensive responses during serial compound stimulus conditioning are determined by auditory stimulus salience, not cue sequence as recently reported.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ubiquitin-dependent regulation of a conserved DMRT protein controls sexually dimorphic synaptic connectivity and behavior

    Emily A Bayer et al.
    The sex-specificity of a transcription factor required for sexual differentiation of a neural circuit is regulated by a novel post-transcriptional mechanism.
    1. Neuroscience

    Serial Behaviour: What can fruit flies teach us about karate?

    Helen H Yang, Thomas R Clandinin
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    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Layered roles of fruitless isoforms in specification and function of male aggression-promoting neurons in Drosophila

    Margot Wohl et al.
    Male-type aggressive and courtship behaviors of the fruit flies are differentially specified by two sex-determining genes, providing a substrate for the evolution to sculpt these two behaviors independently.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Sex-determining genes distinctly regulate courtship capability and target preference via sexually dimorphic neurons

    Kenichi Ishii et al.
    Sex-specific characteristics of the fruit fly courtship behavior are not specified by a single binary switch, but as a combination of traits that are modularly specified by separable genetic switches.
    1. Neuroscience

    A suppression hierarchy among competing motor programs drives sequential grooming in Drosophila

    Andrew M Seeds et al.
    Gaining genetic control over neural modules that drive the grooming of each Drosophila body part reveals how mechanisms for selecting among competing behavioral choices are used to generate sequences of actions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuropeptide B mediates female sexual receptivity in medaka fish, acting in a female-specific but reversible manner

    Towako Hiraki-Kajiyama et al.
    In the brain of medaka fish, neuropeptide B acts directly downstream of estrogen in a female-specific but reversible manner to mediate female receptivity to male courtship.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The Makorin lep-2 and the lncRNA lep-5 regulate lin-28 to schedule sexual maturation of the C. elegans nervous system

    Hannah Lawson et al.
    Genes implicated in the control of mammalian puberty function as components of a molecular clock that determines the timing of sexual differentiation in the C. elegans nervous system.
    1. Neuroscience

    Oxytocin signaling in the medial amygdala is required for sex discrimination of social cues

    Shenqin Yao et al.
    Oxytocin signaling plays a critical role in a molecularly defined neuronal population of the Medial Amygdala to modulate the behavioral and physiological responses of male mice to females on a moment-to-moment basis.

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