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509 results found
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Seminal fluid compromises visual perception in honeybee queens reducing their survival during additional mating flights

    Joanito Liberti et al.
    After insemination, honeybee queens experience a rapid reduction in vision and flight performance, consistent with an ongoing sexual conflict over the number of mating flights that queens embark on.
    1. Ecology

    Parental effects alter the adaptive value of an adult behavioural trait

    Rebecca M Kilner et al.
    The adaptive value of social behaviour exhibited in adult life varies with conditions experienced in early life, and poorer conditions may promote conflict over cooperation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Body ownership promotes visual awareness

    Björn van der Hoort et al.
    Inducing illusory ownership of a fake hand increases the perceptual dominance of that hand during binocular rivalry.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Competing basal ganglia pathways determine the difference between stopping and deciding not to go

    Kyle Dunovan et al.
    A model based on the architecture of basal ganglia and validated with behavior and neuroimaging distinguishes mechanisms of action cancellation from no-go decisions.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
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    Meta-Research: Releasing a preprint is associated with more attention and citations for the peer-reviewed article

    Darwin Y Fu, Jacob J Hughey
    An analysis of more than 70,000 journal articles, including 5405 that were first released as a preprint on bioRxiv, shows that articles with a preprint received 49% more attention and 36% more citations than articles without one.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Philosophy of Biology: The meanings of 'function' in biology and the problematic case of de novo gene emergence

    Diane Marie Keeling et al.
    A lexicon to help scientists and philosophers discuss the meaning of function in molecular biology more clearly is proposed.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A de novo evolved gene in the house mouse regulates female pregnancy cycles

    Chen Xie et al.
    A female specifically expressed new protein-coding gene that has emerged out of non-coding sequences without detectable signatures of adaptive evolution affects female pregnancy cycles.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    Place recognition using batlike sonar

    Dieter Vanderelst et al.
    Echolocating bats may recognize locations in the environment (and navigate to them) by remembering the specific echo signature of those locations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopaminergic neurons write and update memories with cell-type-specific rules

    Yoshinori Aso, Gerald M Rubin
    Building on previous work (Aso et al., 2014a; Aso et al., 2014b), cell-type-specific drivers and optogenetics are used to control the local release of dopamine and reveal that distinct learning rules are implemented in parallel memory units.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A molecular mechanism for the topographic alignment of convergent neural maps

    Elise Savier et al.
    Retinal ephrin-As gradients provide positional information, through retino-collicular map in the superior colliculus, for topographic alignment of cortico-collicular projections.

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