1,606 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Timing mechanism of sexually dimorphic nervous system differentiation

    Laura Pereira et al.
    The timing of sexual differentiation in the brain of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is controlled by a phylogenetically conserved pathway of gene regulatory factors.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Ubiquitination-dependent control of sexual differentiation in fission yeast

    Fabrizio Simonetti et al.
    The RNA-binding protein Mmi1 targets its own inhibitor Mei2 for ubiquitination by the E3 ubiquitin ligase Not4/Mot2 in order to preserve its role in meiotic mRNA decay during vegetative growth.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The Makorin lep-2 and the lncRNA lep-5 regulate lin-28 to schedule sexual maturation of the C. elegans nervous system

    Hannah Lawson et al.
    Genes implicated in the control of mammalian puberty function as components of a molecular clock that determines the timing of sexual differentiation in the C. elegans nervous system.
    1. Plant Biology

    A multifaceted analysis reveals two distinct phases of chloroplast biogenesis during de-etiolation in Arabidopsis

    Rosa Pipitone et al.
    Serial-Block-Face Scanning Electron Microscopy (SBF-SEM) associated with biomolecular analysis show that chloroplast differentiation proceeds by distinct ‘structure establishment’ and ‘chloroplast proliferation’ phases, each with differential protein and lipid regulation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Hemimetabolous insects elucidate the origin of sexual development via alternative splicing

    Judith Wexler et al.
    Sexual differentiation controlled by sex-specific mRNA splicing evolved in a step-wise manner in insects.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Hox-dependent coordination of mouse cardiac progenitor cell patterning and differentiation

    Sonia Stefanovic et al.
    Discovering that Hoxb1 acts as a repressor of cardiac differentiation on second heart field progenitor cells helps us to understand the etiology of congenital heart defects such as atrioventricular septal defects.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Genetic basis for coordination of meiosis and sexual structure maturation in Cryptococcus neoformans

    Linxia Liu et al.
    Meiosis and differentiation of basidium, a defining sexual structure of the phylum Basidiomycota, are genetically integrated by a shared regulatory program to ensure the formation of infectious meiospores in Cryptococcus neoformans.
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    Combined transcriptome and proteome profiling reveals specific molecular brain signatures for sex, maturation and circalunar clock phase

    Sven Schenk et al.
    A molecular profiling approach to quantify transcripts and proteins from identical samples allows study of molecular effects of maturation, sexual differentiation and the endogenous circalunar clock in a marine worm.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ubiquitin-dependent regulation of a conserved DMRT protein controls sexually dimorphic synaptic connectivity and behavior

    Emily A Bayer et al.
    The sex-specificity of a transcription factor required for sexual differentiation of a neural circuit is regulated by a novel post-transcriptional mechanism.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IgM and IgD B cell receptors differentially respond to endogenous antigens and control B cell fate

    Mark Noviski et al.
    Self-reactive B cells downregulate the IgM but not the IgD B cell receptor, and this serves as a critical tolerance mechanism because IgD is less sensitive to bona fide endogenous antigens than IgM.

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