5,796 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Reconstruction of genetically identified neurons imaged by serial-section electron microscopy

    Maximilian Joesch et al.
    A new pipeline of electron microscopy techniques reduces the time required to visualize genetically targeted neurons and their connections by two orders of magnitude.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Correlated evolution between repertoire size and song plasticity predicts that sexual selection on song promotes open-ended learning

    Cristina M Robinson et al.
    A longer birdsong-learning window evolves in response to sexual selection for song complexity and is associated with faster evolution of song performance characteristics.
    1. Ecology

    Sexual selection gradients change over time in a simultaneous hermaphrodite

    Jeroen NA Hoffer et al.
    The quantification of sexual selection reveals that it is important to consider the chosen time frame of measurement as well as the sexual system.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Indirect sexual selection drives rapid sperm protein evolution in abalone

    Damien Beau Wilburn et al.
    An NMR-based structural study of sperm proteins reveals a novel protein packaging/dispersion system embedded in a coevolutionary arms race.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of asymmetric gamete signaling and suppressed recombination at the mating type locus

    Zena Hadjivasiliou, Andrew Pomiankowski
    Selection for asymmetric signalling between gametes explains the very origins of sexual asymmetry as seen in mating-types with morphologically similar but self-incompatible gametes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Anatomy and activity patterns in a multifunctional motor neuron and its surrounding circuits

    Mária Ashaber et al.
    Voltage-dye imaging followed by serial blockface electron microscopy of the same ganglion reveals structure–function relationships of leech motor behaviors.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    A biological switching valve evolved in the female of a sex-role reversed cave insect to receive multiple seminal packages

    Kazunori Yoshizawa et al.
    The discovery of a biological switching valve provides an example of a mechanism that evolved in nature long before its invention by man and could inspire alternative valve technologies.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Lamellar projections in the endolymphatic sac act as a relief valve to regulate inner ear pressure

    Ian A Swinburne et al.
    The pressure of fluid in the inner ear is controlled by opening of cellular valves in the endolymphatic sac to allow for regulated transepithelial fluid flow.
    1. Plant Biology

    A multifaceted analysis reveals two distinct phases of chloroplast biogenesis during de-etiolation in Arabidopsis

    Rosa Pipitone et al.
    Serial-Block-Face Scanning Electron Microscopy (SBF-SEM) associated with biomolecular analysis show that chloroplast differentiation proceeds by distinct ‘structure establishment’ and ‘chloroplast proliferation’ phases, each with differential protein and lipid regulation.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Spatio-temporal control of mutualism in legumes helps spread symbiotic nitrogen fixation

    Benoit Daubech et al.
    Experiments and mathematical modelling show that rare nitrogen fixing symbionts invade a population dominated by non-fixing bacteria across plant generations, above a threshold of a combination of ecological factors.

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