5,843 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Two consecutive microtubule-based epithelial seaming events mediate dorsal closure in the scuttle fly Megaselia abdita

    Juan Jose Fraire-Zamora et al.
    Evolutionary reduction in tissue number involves the simplification of the seaming process but not signaling during epithelial fusion.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Mutations in L-type amino acid transporter-2 support SLC7A8 as a novel gene involved in age-related hearing loss

    Meritxell Espino Guarch et al.
    SLC7A8 a neutral amino acid transporter has a key role in the maintenance of hearing during aging and its absence causes early onset of hearing loss.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional brain alterations following mild-to-moderate sensorineural hearing loss in children

    Axelle Calcus et al.
    Mild-to-moderate sensorineural hearing loss causes changes in the neurophysiological functioning that emerge during adolescence, as suggested by both cross-sectional and longitudinal designs.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Shared behavioral mechanisms underlie C. elegans aggregation and swarming

    Siyu Serena Ding et al.
    Two seemingly distinct behaviors in social C. elegans worms, namely aggregating into groups and swarming over food, are driven by the same underlying mechanisms.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Surface-to-volume scaling and aspect ratio preservation in rod-shaped bacteria

    Nikola Ojkic et al.
    Rod-shaped bacteria preserve their aspect ratios and surface-to-volume scaling by maintaining a homeostatic balance between the rates of cell elongation and division protein synthesis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Sharpin prevents skin inflammation by inhibiting TNFR1-induced keratinocyte apoptosis

    Snehlata Kumari et al.
    The adaptor proteins FADD and TRADD play an important role in the Sharpin-dependent anti-apoptosis signaling pathway in keratinocytes and regulate skin homeostasis.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Matlab-based toolbox for characterizing behavior of rodents engaged in string-pulling

    Samsoon Inayat et al.
    Analysis methods for video data of rodents engaged in string-pulling behavior have been developed and used to highlight differences in motion profiles of Swiss Webster and C57Bl/6 mice.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Body size-dependent energy storage causes Kleiber’s law scaling of the metabolic rate in planarians

    Albert Thommen et al.
    A combination of experimental and theoretical analysis identifies body size-dependent energy storage as the physiological cause of 3/4-power law scaling of the metabolic rate in planarians.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Oriented clonal cell dynamics enables accurate growth and shaping of vertebrate cartilage

    Marketa Kaucka et al.
    The clonal oriented cell dynamics enables directional expansion and accurate scaling of sheet-like or rod-like cartilaginous elements and uncouples the mechanisms of elongation from thickness or diameter control.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synaptic up-scaling preserves motor circuit output after chronic, natural inactivity

    Joseph M Santin et al.
    Synaptic scaling maintains motor output from the respiratory network of bullfrogs after months of inactivity in the winter, providing evidence for homeostatic plasticity in response to large ecologically relevant perturbations in neuronal activity.

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