224 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Reconstruction of natural images from responses of primate retinal ganglion cells

    Nora Brackbill et al.
    The visual message conveyed by retinal neurons to the brain when signaling natural scenes resembles the individual receptive fields only when viewed in context of the neuronal population.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spatial readout of visual looming in the central brain of Drosophila

    Mai M Morimoto et al.
    In the Drosophila central brain, synaptic connectivity extracts visual-spatial information from the axons of looming sensitive LC6 neurons that terminate in a glomerulus with minimal retinotopy.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    ARID1A loss in adult hepatocytes activates β-catenin-mediated erythropoietin transcription

    Rozenn Riou et al.
    A chromatin remodeling factor cooperates with Wnt signaling pathway to transcribe erythropoietin in the adult liver, inducing its secretion and a dramatic erythropoiesis in the spleen.
    1. Medicine

    Identification of drug modifiers for RYR1-related myopathy using a multi-species discovery pipeline

    Jonathan R Volpatti et al.
    A multi-species chemical screening platform reveals a conserved role for p38 inhibition in modulating ryanodine receptor-related phenotypes and is adaptable to a range of neuromuscular disorders.
    1. Neuroscience

    Uncovering the functional anatomy of the human insula during speech

    Oscar Woolnough et al.
    Direct insular recordings in humans reveal that contrary to several prominent models of speech production, it is not engaged in pre-articulatory planning, but in auditory and somatosensory components of speech.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Hfq CLASH uncovers sRNA-target interaction networks linked to nutrient availability adaptation

    Ira Alexandra Iosub et al.
    High-throughput RNA-RNA interaction analysis uncovers many novel sRNA-target interactions at various growth stages in Escherichia coli.
    1. Neuroscience

    The functional organization of excitation and inhibition in the dendrites of mouse direction-selective ganglion cells

    Varsha Jain et al.
    Accurate direction-selective information is present within small sections of the dendrites, raising the possibility that single dendrites utilize parallel processing schemes to process motion information.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Co-option of an endogenous retrovirus envelope for host defense in hominid ancestors

    Daniel Blanco-Melo et al.
    The reconstitution of a functional envelope protein from an extinct hominid retrovirus reveals its receptor and an ancient host defense that may have led to the extinction of the virus.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Variation in olfactory neuron repertoires is genetically controlled and environmentally modulated

    Ximena Ibarra-Soria et al.
    The neuronal composition of a mouse’s nose is individually unique due to a combination of olfactory experience and genetic variation local to olfactory receptor genes.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Architecture and structural dynamics of the heteromeric GluK2/K5 kainate receptor

    Nandish Khanra et al.
    Structures of the GluK2/K5 kainate receptor reveal the heteromer architecture and how the receptor organizes in apo, antagonist-bound, and desensitized states.

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