2,795 results found
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Disease-associated mutations in the human TRPM3 render the channel overactive via two distinct mechanisms

    Siyuan Zhao et al.
    Disease-associated mutants of the TRPM3 ion channel are overactive, and they are inhibited by the antiepileptic medication primidone, offering a potential therapeutic intervention to treat this channelopathy.
    1. Neuroscience

    Principles of operation of a cerebellar learning circuit

    David J Herzfeld et al.
    Quantitative analysis of behavior coupled with computational modeling reveal the set of circuit-level principles that underlie cerebellar-dependent motor learning in smooth pursuit eye movements of monkeys across timescales.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Identifying the immune interactions underlying HLA class I disease associations

    Bisrat J Debebe et al.
    HLA class I-disease associations have been studied for decades; a new approach for investigating the underlying mechanism can overcome past problems with interpretation and help to understand the etiology of human diseases.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A CLC-ec1 mutant reveals global conformational change and suggests a unifying mechanism for the CLC Cl/H+ transport cycle

    Tanmay S Chavan et al.
    Crystallography together with electron-resonance spectroscopy, molecular-dynamics simulations, and transport measurements reveal the molecular details of protein conformational change, and how this change contributes to function in a CLC-type chloride/proton exchanger.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    IP3 mediated global Ca2+ signals arise through two temporally and spatially distinct modes of Ca2+ release

    Jeffrey T Lock, Ian Parker
    Cell-wide Ca2+ signals that regulate numerous cellular functions comprise dual Ca2+ release modes through IP3 receptors, punctate transients mediated by clustered receptors and spatiotemporally diffuse release through functionally distinct receptors.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Activated αIIbβ3 on platelets mediates flow-dependent NETosis via SLC44A2

    Adela Constantinescu-Bercu et al.
    The interaction between activated αIIbβ3 on platelets and SLC44A2 on circulating neutrophils facilitates neutrophil capture and drives flow-dependent NETosis.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The Warburg Effect and lactate signaling augment Fgf-MAPK to promote sensory-neural development in the otic vesicle

    Husniye Kantarci et al.
    Glycolysis is locally enhanced and redirected in zebrafish to generate lactate, which functions as a signaling molecule to fully activate Fgf target genes required for proper sensory and neural development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct spatiotemporal mechanisms underlie extra-classical receptive field modulation in macaque V1 microcircuits

    Christopher A Henry et al.
    The multiple component mechanisms of extra-classical receptive field modulation, with distinct dynamics, discovered in the monkey visual cortex have important implications for understanding contextual perceptual processing.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Characterization of the kinetic cycle of an ABC transporter by single-molecule and cryo-EM analyses

    Ling Wang et al.
    The conformational dynamics of multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1) are tracked in real time by single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer experiments, which elucidate the rate-limiting mechanism of MRP1's transport cycle.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    SKAP2 is required for defense against K. pneumoniae infection and neutrophil respiratory burst

    Giang T Nguyen et al.
    SKAP2 is critical for hematopoietic cell protection against Klebsiella infection in mouse lungs, for full phosphorylation of Src Family Kinases, Syk, and Pyk2, and for Klebsiella-induced reactive oxygen species production.

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