1,803 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Fundamental bound on the persistence and capacity of short-term memory stored as graded persistent activity

    Onur Ozan Koyluoglu et al.
    A fundamental lower-bound on memory recall precision, which declines with storage duration and number of stored items, is derived, and human performance is shown to be well-fit by this theoretical bound.
    1. Neuroscience

    Clusters of cooperative ion channels enable a membrane-potential-based mechanism for short-term memory

    Paul Pfeiffer et al.
    Independently gating ion channels typically act fast within milliseconds, but cooperative interactions within a cluster of channels allow for a memory of previous electrical activity for several seconds.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reward signal in a recurrent circuit drives appetitive long-term memory formation

    Toshiharu Ichinose et al.
    A recurrent reward circuit in Drosophila, comprised of specific dopamine neurons and a single class of mushroom body output neurons, transforms a nascent memory trace into a stable long-term memory.
    1. Neuroscience

    Protein kinase C is a calcium sensor for presynaptic short-term plasticity

    Diasynou Fioravante et al.
    Genetic and electrophysiology experiments provide the first direct evidence that protein kinase C is a calcium-sensing protein in post-tetanic potentiation, a form of synaptic plasticity that supports short-term memory.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct roles of visual, parietal, and frontal motor cortices in memory-guided sensorimotor decisions

    Michael J Goard et al.
    Visual, parietal, and frontal motor cortices play distinct and necessary roles in mapping sensory features to future motor action.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ventromedial prefrontal cortex stimulation enhances memory and hippocampal neurogenesis in the middle-aged rats

    Albert Liu et al.
    High-frequency stimulation of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex, which enhances memory and hippocampal neurogenesis, is a novel target for treatment of dementia-related diseases.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spike frequency adaptation supports network computations on temporally dispersed information

    Darjan Salaj et al.
    Spike frequency adaptation provides spiking neural networks with long short-term memory.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    An alternative splicing switch shapes neurexin repertoires in principal neurons versus interneurons in the mouse hippocampus

    Thi-Minh Nguyen et al.
    Interneuron-specific alternative splice variants of the synaptic receptor neurexin are critical for hippocampal network activity and short-term memory.
    1. Neuroscience

    Long-term implicit memory for sequential auditory patterns in humans

    Roberta Bianco et al.
    Human listeners rapidly form robust, long lasting (up to 7 weeks) memories of rarely encountered, featureless sound sequences presented among many similar stimuli.
    1. Neuroscience

    Perceptual processing in the ventral visual stream requires area TE but not rhinal cortex

    Mark AG Eldridge et al.
    Bilateral removal of cortical area 'TE' produced deficits in monkeys' ability to discriminate among images with many similar features, whereas removal of subjacent rhinal cortex did not.

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