11 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    B cells suppress medullary granulopoiesis by an extracellular glycosylation-dependent mechanism

    Eric E Irons et al.
    B cells regulate production of neutrophils by a novel mechanism by releasing ST6Gal-1, an active sialyltransferase, that suppresses granulopoiesis.
    1. Cell Biology

    Inter-Golgi transport mediated by COPI-containing vesicles carrying small cargoes

    Patrina A Pellett et al.
    Evidence that certain proteins can be transported between Golgi via structures that resemble COPI vesicles suggests that these vesicles could also be involved in the transport of proteins from the cis to the trans face of the Golgi.
    1. Cell Biology

    GnT1IP-L specifically inhibits MGAT1 in the Golgi via its luminal domain

    Hung-Hsiang Huang et al.
    GnT1IP-L is a membrane bound glycoprotein that interacts with MGAT1 in the Golgi, but not in the endoplasmic reticulum, to regulate complex N-glycan synthesis.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for mammalian nucleotide sugar transport

    Shivani Ahuja, Matthew R Whorton
    Crystal structures of the mouse CMP-sialic acid transporter in complex with both CMP and CMP-sialic acid reveal the mechanisms of substrate selectivity and transport.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A universal vector concept for a direct genotyping of transgenic organisms and a systematic creation of homozygous lines

    Frederic Strobl et al.
    In transgenesis assays involving diploid model organisms, two clearly distinguishable transformation markers embedded in interweaved, but incompatible Lox site pairs allow the systematic creation of homozygous transgenic lines and minimize the number of wasted animals.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    C/EBPδ drives interactions between human MAIT cells and endothelial cells that are important for extravasation

    Chang Hoon Lee et al.
    The bZIP transcription factor C/EBPδ enhances expression both of selectin ligands and the chemokine receptor CCR6 on human mucosal-associated invariant T cells, supporting their efficient extravasation into inflamed tissue.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Siglec1-expressing subcapsular sinus macrophages provide soil for melanoma lymph node metastasis

    Rohit Singh, Beom K Choi
    When pioneer metastatic cells enter a sentinel lymph node through afferent lymphatics subcapsular sinus, macrophages provide them soil to proliferate and colonize lymph node.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Broad and direct interaction between TLR and Siglec families of pattern recognition receptors and its regulation by Neu1

    Guo-Yun Chen et al.
    Sialoside-based pattern recognition by Siglecs directly regulates toll-like receptor signaling and a sialidase inhibitor protects against endotoxemia.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Fucosylation and protein glycosylation create functional receptors for cholera toxin

    Amberlyn M Wands et al.
    Cholera intoxication of human colonic epithelial cells is dependent on recognition of protein glycosylation and fucosylation, not exclusively on ganglioside recognition as proposed previously.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Golgi self-correction generates bioequivalent glycans to preserve cellular homeostasis

    Haik Mkhikian et al.
    Structurally dissimilar N-glycans can be functionally equivalent, and are produced via a self-correcting feature of the Golgi.

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