1,442 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Host-pathogen coevolution increases genetic variation in susceptibility to infection

    Elizabeth ML Duxbury et al.
    A history of coevolution increases genetic variation in the susceptibility of Drosophila to viruses, largely by introducing major-effect resistance polymorphisms into populations.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Asynchrony between virus diversity and antibody selection limits influenza virus evolution

    Dylan H Morris et al.
    Despite the virus' error prone polymerase, influenza virus antigenic evolution is rare, even in previously immune hosts, virus replication occurs before producing new antibodies.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Constitutive activation of cellular immunity underlies the evolution of resistance to infection in Drosophila

    Alexandre B Leitão et al.
    Single-cell transcriptomics of immune cells demonstrates that populations evolve inducible defences when infection rates are low and constitutive defences when infection is common.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acetylcholine is released in the basolateral amygdala in response to predictors of reward and enhances the learning of cue-reward contingency

    Richard B Crouse et al.
    The release of acetylcholine in the basolateral amygdala is precisely timed to salient events during reward learning but has long-lasting effects that potentiate learning of cue-reward contingencies.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Expansion microscopy of C. elegans

    Chih-Chieh (Jay) Yu et al.
    Fixed, intact animals of C. elegans can be physically expanded with high isotropy, to enable super-resolved imaging of general proteins and nucleic acids throughout the organism, on conventional microscopes.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tuning of in vivo cognate B-T cell interactions by Intersectin 2 is required for effective anti-viral B cell immunity

    Marianne Burbage et al.
    Intersectin2 deficiency is associated with impaired humoral responses to viral infection and B-cell-intrisic defects in germinal centre formation, resulting from the reduced ability of intersectin2-KO B cells to establish cognate interactions with helper T cells.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    IP6 is an HIV pocket factor that prevents capsid collapse and promotes DNA synthesis

    Donna L Mallery et al.
    The inositol phosphate IP6 is selectively packaged into HIV virions, where it coordinates electropositive pores in the capsid to prevent spontaneous collapse and promote encapsidated DNA synthesis.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    The decoration of specialized metabolites influences stylar development

    Jiancai Li et al.
    Regulation of diterpene glycoside malonylation status influences stylar elongation through affecting auxin signaling in Nicotiana attenuata.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of transcription inhibition by the DNA mimic protein Ocr of bacteriophage T7

    Fuzhou Ye et al.
    DNA mimicry Ocr protein, a well-studied T7 phage protein that inhibits host restriction enzymes, can also inhibit host transcription through competing with sigma factors in binding to RNA polymerase.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Plant Reproduction: Long story short

    John R Pannell, Guillaume Cossard
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