84 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Rank orders and signed interactions in evolutionary biology

    Kristina Crona
    Rectangular order perturbations generalize sign epistasis, capture global aspects of fitness landscapes, and clarify how rank order approaches relate.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    On the mechanistic nature of epistasis in a canonical cis-regulatory element

    Mato Lagator et al.
    Thermodynamic framework accurately predicts the sign of epistasis and its environment dependence for a canonical cis-regulatory element.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Science Forum: Viral factors in influenza pandemic risk assessment

    Marc Lipsitch et al.
    We identify key strengths and limitations in use of viral genotyping and phenotyping to estimate pandemic risk from influenza A viruses, focusing on 3 traits, hemagglutinin binding specificity, hemagglutinin pH of activation, and polymerase complex efficiency.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Systematic identification of cis-regulatory variants that cause gene expression differences in a yeast cross

    Kaushik Renganaath et al.
    Yeast promoters can harbor multiple natural DNA variants that influence gene expression, interact genetically, evolve under negative selection, alter transcription factor motifs, and remain challenging to predict.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Embryonic hematopoiesis modulates the inflammatory response and larval hematopoiesis in Drosophila

    Wael Bazzi et al.
    Distinct hematopoietic waves interact via transcriptional cascades specific to embryonic hemocytes to ensure the proper immune response in Drosophila.​.
    1. Neuroscience

    A conserved morphogenetic mechanism for epidermal ensheathment of nociceptive sensory neurites

    Nan Jiang et al.
    Epidermal cells in vertebrates and invertebrates ensheath portions of somatosensory neurons via a conserved morphogenetic mechanism, and this ensheathment regulates morphogenesis and function of Drosophila nociceptive neurons.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Fatty acid β-oxidation is required for the differentiation of larval hematopoietic progenitors in Drosophila

    Satish Kumar Tiwari et al.
    Genetic and molecular analyses reveal the decisive role of fatty acid oxidation (FAO) acting downstream to the ROS-JNK circuit essential for hemocyte progenitor differentiation in Drosophila..
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Hemozoin produced by mammals confers heme tolerance

    Rini H Pek et al.
    Heme accumulation is toxic, but deficiency of the heme transporter HRG1/SLC48A1 causes heme sequestration and crystallization into hemozoin within enlarged lysosomes of macrophages, thereby conferring heme tolerance to mammals.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Histone H3G34R mutation causes replication stress, homologous recombination defects and genomic instability in S. pombe

    Rajesh K Yadav et al.
    Mutation of Glycine 34 to Arginine within the N-terminal tail of histone H3 alters post-translational modifications on Lysine 36 and is associated with a delay in replication restart, defective homologous recombination and an increase in genomic instability.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Primary and promiscuous functions coexist during evolutionary innovation through whole protein domain acquisitions

    José Antonio Escudero et al.
    The coexistence of ancestral and innovative functions is possible and fosters evolutionary innovation in events involving the acquisition of whole protein domains.

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