263 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Artemisinin exposure at the ring or trophozoite stage impacts Plasmodium falciparum sexual conversion differently

    Harvie P Portugaliza et al.
    Treatment of malaria parasites with the frontline antimalarial drug artemisinin can increase the proportion of parasites that convert into transmission forms.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopaminergic and opioidergic regulation during anticipation and consumption of social and nonsocial rewards

    Sebastian Korb et al.
    Administration of dopamine and opioid receptor antagonists resulted in reduced reward anticipation (effort and increased negative facial reactions), but only administration of opioid antagonists resulted in reduced liking (facial reactions).
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A connectome and analysis of the adult Drosophila central brain

    Louis K Scheffer et al.
    New reconstruction methods are used to create a publicly available dense reconstruction of the neurons and chemical synapses of central brain of Drosophila, with analysis of its graph properties.
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    BiteOscope, an open platform to study mosquito biting behavior

    Felix JH Hol et al.
    A new tool to visualize blood-feeding mosquitoes in high resolution and quantitatively characterize their behavior sheds light on contact-dependent sensing and blood-feeding dynamics of several medically relevant mosquito species.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Poultry farmer response to disease outbreaks in smallholder farming systems in southern Vietnam

    Alexis Delabouglise et al.
    Longitudinal monitoring of poultry farms in southern Vietnam reveals that when outbreaks occur with symptoms similar to highly pathogenic avian influenza, farmers respond by sending their chickens to market early.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Genome-wide alterations of uracil distribution patterns in human DNA upon chemotherapeutic treatments

    Hajnalka L Pálinkás et al.
    Human genomic DNA contains uracil in the late replicating, constitutive heterochromatic regions, while treatment with drugs perturbing thymidylate biosynthesis shifts the uracil distribution pattern towards the euchromatin in UNG-inhibited cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    A missense in HSF2BP causing primary ovarian insufficiency affects meiotic recombination by its novel interactor C19ORF57/BRME1

    Natalia Felipe-Medina et al.
    Genetic and biochemical analysis reveal a variant in HSF2BP causing POI and C19ORF57/BRME1 as an interactor and stabilizer of HSF2BP by forming a complex with BRCA2, RAD51, RPA and PALB2.
    1. Neuroscience

    Efficient sampling and noisy decisions

    Joseph A Heng et al.
    An efficient coding theory for higher-level cognitive processes reveals that humans efficiently adapt to contextual distributions by economizing on environmental prior information.
    1. Neuroscience

    Responding to preconditioned cues is devaluation sensitive and requires orbitofrontal cortex during cue-cue learning

    Evan E Hart et al.
    The orbitofrontal cortex is necessary for learning about value-neutral sensory associations to impact subsequent model-based behavior.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Neural arbitration between social and individual learning systems

    Andreea Oliviana Diaconescu et al.
    Arbitration is formalised as the relative precision of predictions afforded by reward and social learning systems and is represented in modality-specific dopaminergic and dopaminoceptive regions, including the midbrain and amygdala.

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