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    1. Neuroscience

    Ventromedial prefrontal cortex stimulation enhances memory and hippocampal neurogenesis in the middle-aged rats

    Albert Liu et al.
    High-frequency stimulation of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex, which enhances memory and hippocampal neurogenesis, is a novel target for treatment of dementia-related diseases.
    1. Neuroscience

    Tagging motor memories with transcranial direct current stimulation allows later artificially-controlled retrieval

    Daichi Nozaki et al.
    Noninvasive brain stimulation can artificially tag and retrieve human motor memories by altering the background activity patterns of the sensorimotor cortex.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Chronology of motor-mediated microtubule streaming

    Arvind Ravichandran et al.
    Microtubule streaming driven by molecular motors covers characteristic times that span several orders of magnitude from fast, single-microtubule sliding on molecular scales to slow, collective motion on cellular scales.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Valid molecular dynamics simulations of human hemoglobin require a surprisingly large box size

    Krystel El Hage et al.
    Simulations of the unliganded human hemoglobin tetramer, which for the first time yield a thermodynamically stable system, cast doubts on the use of standard solvent box sizes for molecular dynamics studies of biological macromolecules.
    1. Neuroscience

    Targeted cortical reorganization using optogenetics in non-human primates

    Azadeh Yazdan-Shahmorad et al.
    Focal optogenetic stimulation strengthens functional connectivity between primary somatosensory and motor cortices in macaques, in a manner consistent with a Hebbian model of stimulus-driven plasticity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Intraneural stimulation elicits discrimination of textural features by artificial fingertip in intact and amputee humans

    Calogero Maria Oddo et al.
    Delivering specific patterns of electrical activity to the median nerve of the arm triggers reliable sensations of texture, suggesting that it may ultimately be possible to restore complex tactile information to users of prosthetic limbs.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Free-energy simulations reveal molecular mechanism for functional switch of a DNA helicase

    Wen Ma et al.
    Integration of structural bioinformatics and free-energy simulations reveals how a helicase switches its function from unwinding to rezipping DNA, during which a key metastable conformation is predicted and verified by single-molecule measurements.
    1. Neuroscience

    Efficient recognition of facial expressions does not require motor simulation

    Gilles Vannuscorps et al.
    It is possible to account for efficient facial expression recognition without having to invoke a mechanism of motor simulation, even in very sensitive and challenging tasks.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Simulation of spontaneous G protein activation reveals a new intermediate driving GDP unbinding

    Xianqiang Sun et al.
    Combining powerful simulation methods uncovers the structural and dynamical changes driving G protein activation in atomic detail, revealing the allosteric network that triggers GDP release and reconciling diverse experimental data.
    1. Neuroscience

    Forniceal deep brain stimulation induces gene expression and splicing changes that promote neurogenesis and plasticity

    Amy E Pohodich et al.
    Forniceal deep brain stimulation is a promising treatment for several neuropsychiatric disorders as it upregulates synaptic and neurogenesis-associated genes, normalizes genes misregulated in Rett syndrome mice, and regulates genes altered in intellectual disability and major depression.