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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Abscisic acid dynamics in roots detected with genetically encoded FRET sensors

    Alexander M Jones et al.
    Fluorescent sensors for the hormone abscisic acid have been developed using a high-throughput platform, and used to monitor hormone dynamics in plant roots and leaves.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cadherin clusters stabilized by a combination of specific and nonspecific cis-interactions

    Connor J Thompson et al.
    A combined experimental and computational approach was developed to understand lateral interactions between membrane-bound proteins and used to quantify the contributions of specific and non-specific interactions to cadherin cis-binding kinetics.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Single-color, ratiometric biosensors for detecting signaling activities in live cells

    Brian L Ross et al.
    A novel panel of homoFRET biosensors that detect kinase and second messenger activity, called FLAREs, enables multiparameter imaging of signaling activities within a single live cell with a quantitative and ratiometric readout.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Functional instability allows access to DNA in longer transcription Activator-Like effector (TALE) arrays

    Kathryn Geiger-Schuller et al.
    Single molecule DNA-binding trajectories and deterministic modeling analyses demonstrate a functional role for high energy partly folded states in Transcription Activator-Like Effectors that could improve future TALEN design.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The Crohn’s disease polymorphism, ATG16L1 T300A, alters the gut microbiota and enhances the local Th1/Th17 response

    Sydney Lavoie et al.
    Gnotobiotic and conventional mouse models of the IBD ATG16L1T300A SNP reveal gene-microbiota-immune interactions.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cell-to-cell infection by HIV contributes over half of virus infection

    Shingo Iwami et al.
    The human immunodeficiency virus HIV-1 primarily spreads between cells using a method called cell-to-cell infection, suggesting that this process may be a target for anti-viral drugs.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Nanoscopic anatomy of dynamic multi-protein complexes at membranes resolved by graphene-induced energy transfer

    Nadia Füllbrunn et al.
    The axial organization and dynamics of the HOPS complex at membrane surface are resolved by graphene-induced energy transfer with subnanometer resolution.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Single-molecule imaging of chromatin remodelers reveals role of ATPase in promoting fast kinetics of target search and dissociation from chromatin

    Jee Min Kim et al.
    Chromatin remodeling enzymes perform target search by utilizing ATP-binding and hydrolysis to facilitate 1D-diffusion on and rapid detachment from chromatin in living yeast.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Controlling protein function by fine-tuning conformational flexibility

    Sonja Schmid, Thorsten Hugel
    Specific and non-specific conformational confinement, via point mutation or cochaperone interaction or macro-molecular crowding, stimulates protein function in Hsp90 by reducing non-productive conformational flexibility.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    An efficient and scalable pipeline for epitope tagging in mammalian stem cells using Cas9 ribonucleoprotein

    Pooran Singh Dewari et al.
    Biochemical tags can be easily knocked into endogenous genes in mammalian stem cells using optimised and scalable protocols that will enable annotation of protein levels, localisation and interaction partners.