8,287 results found
    1. Medicine
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Adult stem cell-derived complete lung organoid models emulate lung disease in COVID-19

    Courtney Tindle et al.
    An integrated stem cell-based disease modeling and computational approach demonstrates how proximal airway epithelium is critical for SARS-CoV-2 infectivity and distal alveolar cells are critical for simulating the host responses.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    YAP and TAZ are transcriptional co-activators of AP-1 proteins and STAT3 during breast cellular transformation

    Lizhi He et al.
    YAP and TAZ, the ultimate targets of the Hippo signaling pathway, are transcriptional co-activators of AP-1 proteins and STAT3 through which they are important for breast cellular transformation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Comparison of transcriptional initiation by RNA polymerase II across eukaryotic species

    Natalia Petrenko, Kevin Struhl
    Although the preinitiation complex for transcriptional initiation by RNA polymerase II contains highly conserved general transcription factors, there are kinetic and compositional differences in the initiation process among eukaryotic species.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tissue environment, not ontogeny, defines murine intestinal intraepithelial T lymphocytes

    Alejandro J Brenes et al.
    In-depth proteomic analyses of intestinal tissue-resident intraepithelial T lymphocytes reveals how these cells are adapted to the intestinal environment through increased cholesterol and lipid metabolism, tailored metabolic profiles, receptors for interacting with epithelial cells, and tightly regulated signalling pathways.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure and dynamics of the chromatin remodeler ALC1 bound to a PARylated nucleosome

    Luka Bacic et al.
    Analysis of conformational heterogeneity in cryo-EM data by a recently developed deep learning method reveals the structure and dynamics of the oncogenic chromatin remodeler ALC1 bound to a poly-ADP-ribosylated nucleosome.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Apical contacts stemming from incomplete delamination guide progenitor cell allocation through a dragging mechanism

    Eduardo Pulgar et al.
    Incomplete delamination serves as a cellular platform for coordinated tissue movements during development, guiding newly formed progenitor cell groups to the differentiation site.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A Tad-like apparatus is required for contact-dependent prey killing in predatory social bacteria

    Sofiene Seef et al.
    First identification of the molecular determinants driving contact-dependent predation in Myxococcus..
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    NHR-8 and P-glycoproteins uncouple xenobiotic resistance from longevity in chemosensory C. elegans mutants

    Gabriel A Guerrero et al.
    Separate genetic pathways mediate longevity, pathogen resistance, and cell-nonautonomous regulation of xenobiotic detoxification in chemosensory defective Caenorhabditis elegans mutants.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Witnessing the structural evolution of an RNA enzyme

    Xavier Portillo et al.
    An RNA enzyme is caught in the act of evolving a new structural domain within its active site, resulting in enhanced catalytic function.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A universal pocket in fatty acyl-AMP ligases ensures redirection of fatty acid pool away from coenzyme A-based activation

    Gajanan S Patil et al.
    The structural basis of how an enzyme differentiates chemically identical molecules unlike its homolog to channel fatty acids towards secondary metabolism is elucidated.

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