4,765 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Ventrolateral periaqueductal gray neurons prioritize threat probability over fear output

    Kristina M Wright, Michael A McDannald
    Single-unit activity in the ventrolateral periaqueductal gray, a brain region implicated in organizing fear output, is found to reflect threat probability, a more versatile threat signal.
    1. Neuroscience

    A selective role for ventromedial subthalamic nucleus in inhibitory control

    Benjamin Pasquereau, Robert S Turner
    Single-unit activity consistent with a selective causal role in reactive stopping or switching behaviors is found only in the most ventromedial subregion of the subthalamic nucleus.
    1. Neuroscience

    Phasic and tonic neuron ensemble codes for stimulus-environment conjunctions in the lateral entorhinal cortex

    Maryna Pilkiw et al.
    Neuron populations in the lateral entorhinal cortex discriminate between memory-based contexts through both continuous "tonic" activity patterns as well as by their stimulus-evoked "phasic" responses.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    The Sec7 N-terminal regulatory domains facilitate membrane-proximal activation of the Arf1 GTPase

    Brian C Richardson et al.
    A new structure reveals two Arf-GEF regulatory domains form a single structural unit that stimulates Arf-GEF activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mesoscopic-scale functional networks in the primate amygdala

    Jeremiah K Morrow et al.
    Multivariate data decomposition applied to local field potentials recorded from the primate amygdala revealed simultaneously active and functionally distinct networks, defined by anatomical boundaries between the nuclei.
    1. Neuroscience

    Persistent coding of outcome-predictive cue features in the rat nucleus accumbens

    Jimmie M Gmaz et al.
    Neural activity in the rat nucleus accumbens provides a rich task representation that includes not only expected outcomes, but also the specific identity of the cues that predict these outcomes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Risk of punishment influences discrete and coordinated encoding of reward-guided actions by prefrontal cortex and VTA neurons

    Junchol Park, Bita Moghaddam
    Risk of punishment during reward seeking behavior is associated with a functional "disconnection" of the PFC-VTA circuit due to a transient loss of VTA-driven theta oscillation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reward-based training of recurrent neural networks for cognitive and value-based tasks

    H Francis Song et al.
    A two-part neural network models reward-based training and provides a unified framework in which to study diverse computations that can be compared to electrophysiological recordings from behaving animals.
    1. Neuroscience

    A new no-report paradigm reveals that face cells encode both consciously perceived and suppressed stimuli

    Janis Karan Hesse, Doris Y Tsao
    Conscious visual percepts are encoded by face patches in the absence of report, can be decoded from population recordings, and are multiplexed with the veridical physical stimulus.
    1. Neuroscience

    Automated long-term recording and analysis of neural activity in behaving animals

    Ashesh K Dhawale et al.
    A new automated system for recording and analyzing neural activity in behaving animals over months-long time-scales offers new perspectives on how neural circuits underlie processes such as learning, development, and recovery from brain injury.

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