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    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Quantifying the relationship between genetic diversity and population size suggests natural selection cannot explain Lewontin’s Paradox

    Vince Buffalo
    Quantifying the relationship between census sizes and genetic diversity estimates provides insights into whether natural selection can explain the narrow range of diversity between species.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Cell size sensing in animal cells coordinates anabolic growth rates and cell cycle progression to maintain cell size uniformity

    Miriam Bracha Ginzberg et al.
    Cells employ two strategies, adjusting both their cell cycle lengths and their growth rates in a size-dependent manner, to correct aberrations in cell size.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Expression site attenuation mechanistically links antigenic variation and development in Trypanosoma brucei

    Christopher Batram et al.
    The VSG gene controls its monoallelic expression, and expression site activity determines developmental progression.
    1. Neuroscience

    Left-right side-specific endocrine signaling complements neural pathways to mediate acute asymmetric effects of brain injury

    Nikolay Lukoyanov et al.
    In addition to the well-established involvement of descending neural tracts, the left-right side-specific endocrine mechanism may contribute to signaling from injured brain to spinal motor circuits.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Localized JNK signaling regulates organ size during development

    Helen Rankin Willsey et al.
    JNK signaling is active in developing Drosophila tissues and is required for achieving proper organ size.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    New footprints from Laetoli (Tanzania) provide evidence for marked body size variation in early hominins

    Fidelis T Masao et al.
    Bipedal footprints made 3.66 million years ago provide the clearest available evidence to date of the occurrence of marked body size variation in Australopithecus afarensis..
    1. Cell Biology

    Cortical regulation of cell size by a sizer cdr2p

    Kally Z Pan et al.
    It is shown that fission yeast cells sense their size by measuring their surface area through a membrane-associated sizer protein cdr2p.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Size uniformity of animal cells is actively maintained by a p38 MAPK-dependent regulation of G1-length

    Shixuan Liu et al.
    The p38 MAPK pathway functions downstream of a cell-size-sensing process to coordinate cell size/growth with G1 progression in animal cells.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Amotl2a interacts with the Hippo effector Yap1 and the Wnt/β-catenin effector Lef1 to control tissue size in zebrafish

    Sobhika Agarwala et al.
    The cell junction-associated protein Amotl2a controls tissue size in the zebrafish lateral line primordium by limiting the activity of the Hippo effector Yap1 and the Wnt effector Lef1.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Auxin regulates SNARE-dependent vacuolar morphology restricting cell size

    Christian Löfke et al.
    Vacuolar morphologenesis correlates with cell size and is required for auxin-dependent inhibition of growth.