314 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Computed tomography shows high fracture prevalence among physically active forager-horticulturalists with high fertility

    Jonathan Stieglitz et al.
    High reproductive effort constrains bone tissue response to physical activity-induced mechanical loading.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Productivity loss associated with functional disability in a contemporary small-scale subsistence population

    Jonathan Stieglitz et al.
    Adult spinal fracture substantially impairs subsistence productivity, particularly for men.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Epidemiological transition to mortality and refracture following an initial fracture

    Thao Phuong Ho-Le et al.
    The concept of compound fracture risk is redefined to combine the risk that an individual will sustain a fracture and the risk of mortality once the fracture has occurred.
    1. Cell Biology

    GAS5 protects against osteoporosis by targeting UPF1/SMAD7 axis in osteoblast differentiation

    Ming Li et al.
    GAS5 is related to osteoporosis by regulating the differentiation of bone marrow stromal cells that acts as a promising treatment target for osteoporosis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    'Palaeoshellomics’ reveals the use of freshwater mother-of-pearl in prehistory

    Jorune Sakalauskaite et al.
    Ancient proteomes from tiny shell ornaments were successfully characterised for the first time, showing the unexpected use of mother-of-pearl from local riverine molluscs in both coastal and inland prehistoric sites.
    1. Neuroscience

    Bmal1 function in skeletal muscle regulates sleep

    J Christopher Ehlen et al.
    Expression of transcription factor BMAL1 in skeletal muscle reduces the recovery response to sleep loss and is both necessary and sufficient to regulate total sleep amount.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Intracellular calcium leak lowers glucose storage in human muscle, promoting hyperglycemia and diabetes

    Eshwar R Tammineni et al.
    Calcium-driven protein changes, causing glycogenolysis, poor synthesis, and diminished content of glycogen, along with diminished glucose transporters, lead to hyperglycemia in patients prone to calcium leaks from intracellular muscle stores.
    1. Neuroscience

    Insulin regulates POMC neuronal plasticity to control glucose metabolism

    Garron T Dodd et al.
    Feeding and fasting associated alterations in proopiomelanocortin neuronal responses to insulin coordinate glucose metabolism.
    1. Medicine

    Dual targeting of salt inducible kinases and CSF1R uncouples bone formation and bone resorption

    Cheng-Chia Tang et al.
    Simultaneous inhibition of two distinct kinase targets stimulates bone formation without concurrently increasing bone resorption, therefore representing a promising new treatment strategy for osteoporosis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Loss of the liver X receptor LXRα/β in peripheral sensory neurons modifies energy expenditure

    Virginie Mansuy-Aubert et al.
    In sensory neurons, the receptors LXRα and LXRβ sense dietary-derived molecules to regulate whole body energy expenditure, and present a possible target for new anti-obesity agents.

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