426 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Cellular localization of the cell cycle inhibitor Cdkn1c controls growth arrest of adult skeletal muscle stem cells

    Despoina Mademtzoglou et al.
    Ablation of the Cdkn1c cell cycle inhibitor leads to defective muscle stem cell dynamics and myogenic potential, while progressive cytoplasmic to nuclear cellular localization of the Cdkn1c protein regulates growth arrest.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The Drosophila formin Fhos is a primary mediator of sarcomeric thin-filament array assembly

    Arkadi Shwartz et al.
    Actin is incorporated into the thin-filament arrays of skeletal muscle sarcomeres in discrete steps, and Fhos, the Drosophila homolog of FHOD-family formins, is an essential player in the process.
    1. Cell Biology

    SWELL1 regulates skeletal muscle cell size, intracellular signaling, adiposity and glucose metabolism

    Ashutosh Kumar et al.
    LRRC8A is an essential component of a mechanoresponsive ion channel signaling complex that tunes skeletal muscle differentiation, muscle cell size, function and metabolic pathways to regulate adiposity and systemic glycemia.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Loss of Ptpn11 (Shp2) drives satellite cells into quiescence

    Joscha Griger et al.
    The stem cells of the postnatal muscle allow postnatal muscle growth and repair and withdraw from the cell cycle when the tyrosine phosphatase Ptpn11 (Shp2) is inhibited or mutated in mice.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Hepatocyte Growth Factor-mediated satellite cells niche perturbation promotes development of distinct sarcoma subtypes

    Deborah Morena et al.
    The functional relevance of stem cell niche perturbation in sarcomagenesis is defined and the mouse model presented provides a rationale for the use of combination therapy for the treatment of genetically heterogeneous sarcomas.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Myonuclear accretion is a determinant of exercise-induced remodeling in skeletal muscle

    Qingnian Goh et al.
    Fusion of muscle progenitors drives continuous myonuclear accretion during exercise and impacts various adaptations in skeletal muscle including response to injury and hypertrophy.
    1. Developmental Biology

    SOXF factors regulate murine satellite cell self-renewal and function through inhibition of β-catenin activity

    Sonia Alonso-Martin et al.
    A set of ex vivo and in vivo experiments, including genetic ablation and regeneration studies, identify a key regulatory function of SOXF factors in muscle stem cells in mice.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Secondary ossification center induces and protects growth plate structure

    Meng Xie et al.
    The principle underlying the appearance of the growth plate, an organ responsible for longitudinal growth, has implications for various cartilage pathologies including growth abnormalities in children, trauma and osteoarthritis.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Computed tomography shows high fracture prevalence among physically active forager-horticulturalists with high fertility

    Jonathan Stieglitz et al.
    High reproductive effort constrains bone tissue response to physical activity-induced mechanical loading.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Bioengineered human myobundles mimic clinical responses of skeletal muscle to drugs

    Lauran Madden et al.
    A novel bioengineered human skeletal muscle model with accurate physiological and pharmacological responses may provide a useful tool for preclinical testing.

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