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    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Homo naledi and Pleistocene hominin evolution in subequatorial Africa

    Lee R Berger et al.
    A late Middle Pleistocene age for Homo naledi demonstrates a diversity of hominin species in Africa at this critical time in the archaeological record.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Suppression of ischemia in arterial occlusive disease by JNK-promoted native collateral artery development

    Kasmir Ramo et al.
    The kinase JNK is required in endothelial cells for the development of native collateral arteries.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    T-box3 is a ciliary protein and regulates stability of the Gli3 transcription factor to control digit number

    Uchenna Emechebe et al.
    The transcription and splicing factor T-box3 is present in primary cilia, regulates multiple aspects of limb development, and interacts with members of the protein complex required for the stability and processing of the Gli3 transcription factor.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    A deleterious gene-by-environment interaction imposed by calcium channel blockers in Marfan syndrome

    Jefferson J Doyle et al.
    Calcium channel blockers accelerate aortic aneurysm and cause premature aortic rupture in a mouse model of Marfan syndrome through protein kinase C-mediated activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    The mammalian lectin galectin-8 induces RANKL expression, osteoclastogenesis, and bone mass reduction in mice

    Yaron Vinik et al.
    The secreted sugar-binding protein galectin-8 causes osteoblasts to secrete factors that promote the differentiation of bone marrow cells into osteoclasts; targeting this protein could therefore potentially help treat diseases associated with excessive bone loss.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Temporal dynamics and developmental memory of 3D chromatin architecture at Hox gene loci

    Daan Noordermeer et al.
    Hox genes are activated sequentially and, at the same time, undergo a transition from an inactive to an active chromatin compartment, most likely to prevent posterior genes being activated too early.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    MEGF8 is a modifier of BMP signaling in trigeminal sensory neurons

    Caitlin Engelhard et al.
    A protein called Megf8 regulates the activity of key signaling molecules involved in the development of the peripheral nervous system.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Why plants make puzzle cells, and how their shape emerges

    Aleksandra Sapala et al.
    Puzzle-shape cells in the epidermis of many plants form due to a development constraint based on mechanical forces.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Cilia-mediated Hedgehog signaling controls form and function in the mammalian larynx

    Jacqueline M Tabler et al.
    Genetic studies in mice reveal the molecular and embryological mechanisms of vocal fold development and function, thereby informing our understanding of vocal communication and congenital voice defects.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Mouse embryonic stem cells can differentiate via multiple paths to the same state

    James Alexander Briggs et al.
    Single cell RNA sequencing reveals that mouse embryonic stem cells can be differentiated into the same terminal motor neuron state via distinct differentiation paths, one of which includes a surprising intermediate state not found in embryos.