705 results found
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Loss of adult skeletal muscle stem cells drives age-related neuromuscular junction degeneration

    Wenxuan Liu et al.
    Building on previous work (Liu et al., 2015), it is shown that depletion or rescue of adult skeletal muscle stem cells is sufficient to induce or attenuate age-associated neuromuscular junction deterioration respectively.
    1. Developmental Biology

    SOXF factors regulate murine satellite cell self-renewal and function through inhibition of β-catenin activity

    Sonia Alonso-Martin et al.
    A set of ex vivo and in vivo experiments, including genetic ablation and regeneration studies, identify a key regulatory function of SOXF factors in muscle stem cells in mice.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Inducible depletion of adult skeletal muscle stem cells impairs the regeneration of neuromuscular junctions

    Wenxuan Liu et al.
    Skeletal muscle stem cells play important roles in the regeneration of neuromuscular junctions, and so present new targets for therapies to treat neuromuscular decline observed in the context of aging and various neuromuscular diseases.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Requirement of myomaker-mediated stem cell fusion for skeletal muscle hypertrophy

    Qingnian Goh, Douglas P Millay
    Myomaker is activated on muscle stem cells to promote their fusion with myofibers, which is essential for induction of pro-growth signaling pathways and physiological muscle hypertrophy.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Integrin alpha11 is an Osteolectin receptor and is required for the maintenance of adult skeletal bone mass

    Bo Shen et al.
    Integrin a11 is identified as an Osteolectin receptor, revealing a new mechanism for adult skeletal bone maintenance in which Osteolectin/a11b1 signaling promotes bone formation by activating the Wnt pathway.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Cellular localization of the cell cycle inhibitor Cdkn1c controls growth arrest of adult skeletal muscle stem cells

    Despoina Mademtzoglou et al.
    Ablation of the Cdkn1c cell cycle inhibitor leads to defective muscle stem cell dynamics and myogenic potential, while progressive cytoplasmic to nuclear cellular localization of the Cdkn1c protein regulates growth arrest.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Transcriptional landscape of myogenesis from human pluripotent stem cells reveals a key role of TWIST1 in maintenance of skeletal muscle progenitors

    In Young Choi et al.
    Using multiple genetic reporter system in human pluripotent stem cells, a transcriptional database for human early myogenesis has been established.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Programmed conversion of hypertrophic chondrocytes into osteoblasts and marrow adipocytes within zebrafish bones

    Dion Giovannone et al.
    Cartilage cells transition through a proliferative intermediate to give rise to bone and marrow fat cells in long bones.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Heterogeneity of murine periosteum progenitors involved in fracture healing

    Brya G Matthews et al.
    Murine periosteum is highly enriched for osteoprogenitors, many of which express αSMA, but fracture callus chondrocytes are partially derived from other sources.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Myofiber-specific TEAD1 overexpression drives satellite cell hyperplasia and counters pathological effects of dystrophin deficiency

    Sheryl Southard et al.
    For skeletal muscle in mice, the size of the stem cell pool can be uncoupled from overall tissue size allowing for a dramatic increase in stem cell number.

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