89 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Protective mitochondrial fission induced by stress-responsive protein GJA1-20k

    Daisuke Shimura et al.
    Stress-induced alternative translation of an otherwise common gap junction protein generates an isoform that orchestrates protective mitochondrial fission and organ protection during anticipated ischemia.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Inducible and reversible inhibition of miRNA-mediated gene repression in vivo

    Gaspare La Rocca et al.
    A new genetically engineered mouse strain is described in which miRNA activity can be acutely and reversibly inhibited, showing that in a subset of adult tissues miRNA activity is dispensable under homeostatic conditions but becomes essential during tissue regeneration.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Translational control of polyamine metabolism by CNBP is required for Drosophila locomotor function

    Sonia Coni et al.
    A decrease of the type 2 myotonic dystrophy gene product CNBP causes an impairment of polyamine metabolism and locomotor dysfunction that can be reverted with polyamine supplementation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The mechanism of MICU-dependent gating of the mitochondrial Ca2+uniporter

    Vivek Garg et al.
    A comprehensive functional analysis of mitochondrial Ca2+ uniporter (MCU) demonstrates that the auxiliary MICU subunits potentiate Ca2+ transport via MCU.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Endothelial junctional membrane protrusions serve as hotspots for neutrophil transmigration

    Janine JG Arts et al.
    Neutrophils use dorsal membrane protrusions of endothelial cells to cross the vascular wall.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Medicine

    NICEdrug.ch, a workflow for rational drug design and systems-level analysis of drug metabolism

    Homa MohammadiPeyhani et al.
    NICEdrug.ch is a resource allowing systematic and large-scale computational analysis of drug biochemistry, enzymatic targets, and toxicity in the context of cellular metabolism.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    miR-1 coordinately regulates lysosomal v-ATPase and biogenesis to impact proteotoxicity and muscle function during aging

    Isabelle Schiffer et al.
    Coordinate control of lysosomal v-ATPase subunits and biogenesis factor TFEB by miR-1 identifies a key regulatory axis with strong links to age-related proteotoxic disease.
    1. Medicine

    The hepcidin regulator erythroferrone is a new member of the erythropoiesis-iron-bone circuitry

    Melanie Castro-Mollo et al.
    The hepcidin regulator erythroferrone functions by sequestering BMPs and is an important modulator of bone remodeling, providing new mechanistic insight into how premature osteoporosis persists in optimally transfused β-thalassemic patients.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Tetrahydroxanthohumol, a xanthohumol derivative, attenuates high-fat diet-induced hepatic steatosis by antagonizing PPARγ

    Yang Zhang et al.
    Identifying xanthohumol and its derivatives as PPARγ anatagonists provides new insight into how natural compounds beneficially treat obesity and metabolic syndrome, and provide new compounds for therapeutic development.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Sex differences in biological aging with a focus on human studies

    Sara Hägg, Juulia Jylhävä
    Biological aging processes and age-related diseases demonstrate sexual dimorphism where complex interactions between underlying aging mechanisms and sex chromosomes and hormones are seen in humans and animals.

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