19 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Functional divergence of paralogous transcription factors supported the evolution of biomineralization in echinoderms

    Jian Ming Khor, Charles A Ettensohn
    A gene duplication event has permitted the functional specialization of a homeodomain transcription factor through changes in exon-intron organization and these changes have supported the evolution of a major, phylum-level morphological novelty.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Activation of hedgehog signaling in mesenchymal stem cells induces cartilage and bone tumor formation via Wnt/β-Catenin

    Qi Deng et al.
    Cartilage and bone tumors arise from chondrocyte or osteoblast progenitors but not differentiated cells or multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) via the IHH-Wnt/β-Catenin pathway.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Development: Transforming a transcription factor

    Robert D Burke
    A transcription factor that regulates skeleton formation in sea urchin embryos has evolved a new domain that is essential for this process.
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    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The neural crest is a source of mesenchymal stem cells with specialized hematopoietic stem cell niche function

    Joan Isern et al.
    Developing long bones contain distinct mesenchymal stem-cell populations derived from mesoderm and neural crest, which have specialized functions in skeleton formation and the establishment of the hematopoietic stem-cell niche, respectively.
    1. Ecology

    A SLC4 family bicarbonate transporter is critical for intracellular pH regulation and biomineralization in sea urchin embryos

    Marian Y Hu et al.
    Cellular carbon accumulation systems are a fundamental prerequisite for biomineralization to stabilize pH and to supply inorganic carbon for CaCO3 precipitation under changing environmental conditions.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Muscle contraction is required to maintain the pool of muscle progenitors via YAP and NOTCH during fetal myogenesis

    Joana Esteves de Lima et al.
    A novel mechanism links mechanical signals with the molecular YAP and NOTCH signals operating during developmental myogenesis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Embryonic origin and serial homology of gill arches and paired fins in the skate, Leucoraja erinacea

    Victoria A Sleight, J Andrew Gillis
    Development from dual-origin mesenchyme with common competence explains anatomical parallels and shared patterning of the jawed vertebrate gill arch and paired fin skeletons.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Runx2-Twist1 interaction coordinates cranial neural crest guidance of soft palate myogenesis

    Xia Han et al.
    Identification of heterogenous cranial neural crest (CNC)-derived cell populations and their roles in guiding craniofacial muscle development through cell-cell interactions.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The genetic factors of bilaterian evolution

    Peter Heger et al.
    Advanced orthology clustering of bilaterian and non-bilaterian sequences identifies 157 bilaterian-specific genes which are linked to key morphological features of this animal group.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Reactivation of a developmental Bmp2 signaling center is required for therapeutic control of the murine periosteal niche

    Valerie S Salazar et al.
    A periosteal Bmp2 signaling center couples bone length to bone width during development and must be reactivated by clinical bone anabolic therapies to reduce fracture risk and accelerate fracture repair.

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