8,343 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Accelerated redevelopment of vocal skills is preceded by lasting reorganization of the song motor circuitry

    Michiel Vellema et al.
    The ability to quickly re-acquire a previously lost motor skill is associated with lasting synaptic changes in the brain circuit that controls that motor skill.
    1. Neuroscience

    Fatigue induces long-lasting detrimental changes in motor-skill learning

    Meret Branscheidt et al.
    A series of experiments shows how muscle fatigue impairs motor-skill learning on subsequent practice days beyond its effects on task execution.
    1. Neuroscience

    Corticostriatal dynamics encode the refinement of specific behavioral variability during skill learning

    Fernando J Santos et al.
    Recordings from the mouse brain as animals learn a lever pressing task reveal how the motor system optimizes skill learning by reducing variability in those aspects of task performance that are essential for achieving a goal.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Altered bone growth dynamics prefigure craniosynostosis in a zebrafish model of Saethre-Chotzen syndrome

    Camilla S Teng et al.
    Sequential live imaging of abnormal skull bone fusion in zebrafish reveals a deeply conserved role of two transcription factors, Twist1 and Tcf12, in regulating stem cell activity during growth of the skull.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Preliminary paleohistological observations of the StW 573 (‘Little Foot’) skull

    Amélie Beaudet et al.
    Virtual investigation of the 3.67-million-year-old skull of 'Little Foot' using synchrotron radiation reveals histological details of Australopithecus dental and bone tissues.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Many si/shRNAs can kill cancer cells by targeting multiple survival genes through an off-target mechanism

    William Putzbach et al.
    Loading of CD95 and CD95L-derived sequences into the RNA-induced silencing complex elicits a distinct form of RNAi-mediated cell death of cancer cells that results from the targeting of multiple survival genes.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Resolving homology in the face of shifting germ layer origins: Lessons from a major skull vault boundary

    Camilla S Teng et al.
    Homology of vertebrate skull structures should be based on evolutionary continuity and an appreciation of germ layer origins and inductive signaling in the embryonic head.
    1. Neuroscience

    The number of olfactory stimuli that humans can discriminate is still unknown

    Richard C Gerkin, Jason B Castro
    The recent claim that humans can discriminate more than one trillion odors is shown to be unwarranted.
    1. Neuroscience

    A neural circuit mechanism for regulating vocal variability during song learning in zebra finches

    Jonathan Garst-Orozco et al.
    By demonstrating song learning-related synaptic strengthening and pruning in the vocal control circuits of songbirds, and showing how such changes can reduce the sensitivity of the circuit to ‘noisy’ inputs, a simple neural circuit mechanism for regulating motor variability during motor skill learning is identified.
    1. Neuroscience

    Preserved extrastriate visual network in a monkey with substantial, naturally occurring damage to primary visual cortex

    Holly Bridge et al.
    Even when the primary visual cortical area is absent bilaterally from early life, the rest of a primate visual brain can develop and function normally to support day-to-day visual behaviour.

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