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    1. Neuroscience

    Consolidation alters motor sequence-specific distributed representations

    Basile Pinsard et al.
    The consolidation of newly acquired motor skills induces a functional reorganization of sequential information representations within secondary motor cortex, basal ganglia and hippocampus.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    Fungal effector Ecp6 outcompetes host immune receptor for chitin binding through intrachain LysM dimerization

    Andrea Sánchez-Vallet et al.
    Structural and biochemical analysis of a protein called Ecp6, which is produced by a tomato fungus, reveals how the protein prevents plants from launching an immune response to the chitin in fungal cell walls.
    1. Neuroscience

    Persistent firing in LEC III neurons is differentially modulated by learning and aging

    Carmen Lin et al.
    Temporal associative learning enhances persistent firing in lateral entorhinal cortex (LEC) layer III neurons, while aging decreases persistent firing, leading to cognitive impairments.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Towards deep learning with segregated dendrites

    Jordan Guerguiev et al.
    A multi-compartment spiking neural network model demonstrates that biologically feasible deep learning can be achieved if sensory inputs and higher-order feedback are received by different dendritic compartments.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Super-resolution imaging of synaptic and Extra-synaptic AMPA receptors with different-sized fluorescent probes

    Sang Hak Lee et al.
    Small probes show that most AMPA receptors are constrained near or in the synapses.
    1. Neuroscience

    DYT1 dystonia increases risk taking in humans

    David Arkadir et al.
    Patients with DYT1 dystonia show aberrant risk-aversion in a simple decision-making task, in accordance with predictions of a reinforcement learning model of corticostriatal trial-and-error learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Adaptive learning and decision-making under uncertainty by metaplastic synapses guided by a surprise detection system

    Kiyohito Iigaya
    Computational modeling offers an explanation for why animals learn more quickly or slowly when their environment becomes more variable or stable.
    1. Neuroscience

    Activity patterns of serotonin neurons underlying cognitive flexibility

    Sara Matias et al.
    Recordings from serotonin-producing neurons in the brain reveal that these neurons are highly activated by sudden changes in previously familiar environments, potentially explaining why serotonin is important for learning to adapt to such changes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Vestigial auriculomotor activity indicates the direction of auditory attention in humans

    Daniel J Strauss et al.
    Recordings of ear muscles in humans show that ears attempt to pivot in the direction that requires attention.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Phage integration alters the respiratory strategy of its host

    Jeffrey N Carey et al.
    A temperate bacteriophage reprograms the oxygen response of a bacterial signaling system by replacing a host-encoded promoter with a phage-encoded promoter.