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    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebral mGluR5 availability contributes to elevated sleep need and behavioral adjustment after sleep deprivation

    Sebastian C Holst et al.
    Multi-modal imaging, genetic and behavioral findings in humans and mice revealed that metabotropic glutamate receptors of subtype 5 contribute to the molecular machinery keeping track of sleep need and coping with physiological and behavioral consequences of sleep loss, pointing to novel targets for improved wakefulness and sleep.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortical excitability signatures for the degree of sleepiness in human

    Chin-Hsuan Chia et al.
    Patterns of cortical excitability changes reflect the degree of sleepiness in humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cold-inducible RNA-binding protein (CIRBP) adjusts clock-gene expression and REM-sleep recovery following sleep deprivation

    Marieke MB Hoekstra et al.
    The temperature-sensitive protein CIRBP contributes to the effect of sleep loss on the molecular circadian clock.
    1. Neuroscience

    Bmal1 function in skeletal muscle regulates sleep

    J Christopher Ehlen et al.
    Expression of transcription factor BMAL1 in skeletal muscle reduces the recovery response to sleep loss and is both necessary and sufficient to regulate total sleep amount.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortical astrocytes independently regulate sleep depth and duration via separate GPCR pathways

    Trisha V Vaidyanathan et al.
    Cortical astrocytes play key roles in NREM sleep by regulating sleep depth and duration through separate GPCR pathways, and differentially control neuronal slow-wave activity in local and remote cortical circuits.
    1. Neuroscience

    Development of schemas revealed by prior experience and NMDA receptor knock-out

    George Dragoi, Susumu Tonegawa
    Novel spatial representations by hippocampal cellular assemblies develop on the framework of preconfigured hippocampal networks whose homeostatic synaptic reorganization is accelerated by prior experience and CA3 NMDAR-dependent plasticity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stability of neocortical synapses across sleep and wake states during the critical period in rats

    Brian A Cary, Gina G Turrigiano
    Sleep and wake states are not sufficient to drive changes in neocortical synaptic strengths.
    1. Neuroscience

    Differential regulation of the Drosophila sleep homeostat by circadian and arousal inputs

    Jinfei D Ni et al.
    Functional imaging and circuit mapping in the Drosophila brain identifies neuropils where sleep-promoting and arousal-promoting neuronal networks converge.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sleep deprivation causes memory deficits by negatively impacting neuronal connectivity in hippocampal area CA1

    Robbert Havekes et al.
    The loss of neuronal connectivity in a brain region called the hippocampus significantly contributes to the cognitive impairments associated with sleep deprivation.
    1. Neuroscience

    An essential role for MEF2C in the cortical response to loss of sleep in mice

    Theresa E Bjorness et al.
    The transcription factor, MEF2C, mediates a change in approximately one half of the expressed frontal cortical transcriptome controlling cellular metabolism and synaptic strength in response to acute loss of sleep.