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    1. Neuroscience

    fMRI-based detection of alertness predicts behavioral response variability

    Sarah E Goodale et al.
    Time-varying states of alertness that shape behavioral responses may be detected from fMRI signal patterns.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rai1 frees mice from the repression of active wake behaviors by light

    Shanaz Diessler et al.
    Halving dosage of the Smith-Magenis syndrome responsible gene Rai1 in the mouse greatly amplifies the direct, suppressing effects of light on active-wake behavior through increased activation of the ventral-subparaventricular zone.
    1. Developmental Biology

    High throughput in vivo functional validation of candidate congenital heart disease genes in Drosophila

    Jun-yi Zhu et al.
    A high-throughput functional validation system for large numbers of candidate disease genes enables in vivo functional testing of specific gene variants.
    1. Neuroscience

    A spiral attractor network drives rhythmic locomotion

    Angela M Bruno et al.
    The neural population of the Aplysia's pedal ganglion are a low-dimensional spiral attractor, and the parameters of the attractor directly define the properties of the Aplysia's escape locomotion behaviour.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebral mGluR5 availability contributes to elevated sleep need and behavioral adjustment after sleep deprivation

    Sebastian C Holst et al.
    Multi-modal imaging, genetic and behavioral findings in humans and mice revealed that metabotropic glutamate receptors of subtype 5 contribute to the molecular machinery keeping track of sleep need and coping with physiological and behavioral consequences of sleep loss, pointing to novel targets for improved wakefulness and sleep.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Allosteric mechanism of the V. vulnificus adenine riboswitch resolved by four-dimensional chemical mapping

    Siqi Tian et al.
    A new biochemical method tests whether or not the pre-existing RNA structural correlations couple small molecule binding to gene expression in a paradigmatic riboswitch.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Neuroprotective effects of TRPA1 channels in the cerebral endothelium following ischemic stroke

    Paulo Wagner Pires, Scott Earley
    Acute hypoxia activates TRPA1 channels in cerebral artery endothelial cells to activate an early adaptive response to reduce tissue ischemic damage through vasodilation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Bmal1 function in skeletal muscle regulates sleep

    J Christopher Ehlen et al.
    Expression of transcription factor BMAL1 in skeletal muscle reduces the recovery response to sleep loss and is both necessary and sufficient to regulate total sleep amount.
  1. Living Science: Owning your mistakes

    Eve Marder
    Most scientists admit to their errors but, as Eve Marder explains, the scientific community as a whole needs to rethink the way it recognizes achievement.
    1. Neuroscience

    The RFamide receptor DMSR-1 regulates stress-induced sleep in C. elegans

    Michael J Iannacone et al.
    During sickness, sleep is induced by neuropeptides, which contain an amidated arginine-phenylalanine motif, acting in a neuroendocrine fashion on a G-protein coupled receptor called DMSR-1.