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    1. Neuroscience

    Cortex-wide BOLD fMRI activity reflects locally-recorded slow oscillation-associated calcium waves

    Miriam Schwalm et al.
    Locally recorded calcium events related to slow wave activity show a global cortical fMRI BOLD correlate, establishing a direct relation between a basic neurophysiological signal and the macroscopic perspective of pre-clinical fMRI.
    1. Neuroscience

    Frontal beta-theta network during REM sleep

    Sujith Vijayan et al.
    Two regions of the frontal lobe – the anterior cingulate cortex and, unexpectedly, the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex – show coordinated rhythmic activity during REM sleep.
    1. Neuroscience

    Bmal1 function in skeletal muscle regulates sleep

    J Christopher Ehlen et al.
    Expression of transcription factor BMAL1 in skeletal muscle reduces the recovery response to sleep loss and is both necessary and sufficient to regulate total sleep amount.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synchronous activity patterns in the dentate gyrus during immobility

    Martin Pofahl et al.
    Two-photon in vivo calcium imaging reveals short time-scale, synchronous and sparse population activity in dentate gyrus that replays place-related information, and is important for formation of dentate-dependent spatial memory.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuropeptide VF neurons promote sleep via the serotonergic raphe

    Daniel A Lee et al.
    Experiments using zebrafish identify a novel sleep-promoting neuronal circuit in which hypothalamic NPVF neurons promote sleep via the hindbrain serotonergic raphe nuclei, which promote sleep in both zebrafish and mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cholinergic modulation of hippocampal calcium activity across the sleep-wake cycle

    Heng Zhou et al.
    Dynamic calcium activity in the hippocampus changes markedly across behavioral and physiological states and depends on muscarinic acetylcholine receptor activation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Identification of octopaminergic neurons that modulate sleep suppression by male sex drive

    Daniel R Machado et al.
    The balance between sleep and sex drives determines whether male flies sleep or court, and a subset of octopaminergic neurons interact with the Fruitless-expressing courtship circuit to suppress sleep for sustained courtship.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Regulation of sleep homeostasis by sexual arousal

    Esteban J Beckwith et al.
    Sexual arousal, exposure to aphrodisiac pheromones, or mere activation of peripheral pheromone-sensing neurons can modulate sleep homeostasis and are able to counteract the effects of sleep deprivation in Drosophila.
    1. Neuroscience

    New learning while consolidating memory during sleep is actively blocked by a protein synthesis dependent process

    Roi Levy et al.
    The brain inhibits the formation of new memories just after waking to safeguard the ongoing stabilization of existing memories during sleep.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Slow oscillation-spindle coupling predicts enhanced memory formation from childhood to adolescence

    Michael A Hahn et al.
    An individualized cross-frequency coupling approach identified slow oscillation-spindle coupling strength as a novel mechanism that mediates memory formation during cortical maturation.