3,983 results found
    1. Cancer Biology

    Innate immune activation by checkpoint inhibition in human patient-derived lung cancer tissues

    Teresa WM Fan et al.
    Pembrolizumab activates innate immune metabolism and function in primary human non-small cell lung cancer, whereas Pembrolizumab and beta-glucan synergize in enhancing immune metabolism and tumoridical action in brain-metastasized lung cancer.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural insights into the activation of human calcium-sensing receptor

    Xiaochen Chen et al.
    The cryo-electron microscopy structures of inactive and active states of calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) reveal the activation mechanisms of CaSR.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Binding affinity landscapes constrain the evolution of broadly neutralizing anti-influenza antibodies

    Angela M Phillips et al.
    CR9114, one of the most broadly neutralizing anti-influenza antibodies characterized to date, acquires affinity to divergent HA subtypes sequentially, due to higher order interactions between the nested sets of mutations required for binding each distinct subtype.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Human genetic analyses of organelles highlight the nucleus in age-related trait heritability

    Rahul Gupta et al.
    Although cellular organelles show a functional deterioration in aging, genetic loci associated with common age-associated disease instead nominate nuclear transcription factors across several age-related diseases.
    1. Medicine

    Characterization and prediction of clinical pathways of vulnerability to psychosis through graph signal processing

    Corrado Sandini et al.
    A novel methodical approach aimed at improving translation of network analyses to psychopathology provides an intuitive representation of longitudinal clinical pathways between symptoms and can assist in predicting prognosis.
    1. Medicine
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Adult stem cell-derived complete lung organoid models emulate lung disease in COVID-19

    Courtney Tindle et al.
    An integrated stem cell-based disease modeling and computational approach demonstrates how proximal airway epithelium is critical for SARS-CoV-2 infectivity and distal alveolar cells are critical for simulating the host responses.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tissue environment, not ontogeny, defines murine intestinal intraepithelial T lymphocytes

    Alejandro J Brenes et al.
    In-depth proteomic analyses of intestinal tissue-resident intraepithelial T lymphocytes reveals how these cells are adapted to the intestinal environment through increased cholesterol and lipid metabolism, tailored metabolic profiles, receptors for interacting with epithelial cells, and tightly regulated signalling pathways.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A Tad-like apparatus is required for contact-dependent prey killing in predatory social bacteria

    Sofiene Seef et al.
    First identification of the molecular determinants driving contact-dependent predation in Myxococcus..
    1. Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-based combination antiretroviral therapy is associated with lower cell-associated HIV RNA and DNA levels compared to protease inhibitor-based therapy

    Alexander O Pasternak et al.
    In two independent cohorts, NNRTI-based cART regimens are associated with significantly lower cell-associated HIV RNA levels than PI-based regimens, suggesting more potent suppression of residual virus replication by NNRTI-based regimens.
    1. Neuroscience

    Task-specific roles of local interneurons for inter- and intraglomerular signaling in the insect antennal lobe

    Debora Fusca, Peter Kloppenburg
    In the antennal lobe of insects, nonspiking local interneurons play a crucial role in intraglomerular signaling.

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