5,279 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Divergent acyl carrier protein decouples mitochondrial Fe-S cluster biogenesis from fatty acid synthesis in malaria parasites

    Seyi Falekun et al.
    Malaria parasites have simplified and adapted their mitochondrial metabolism to lack fatty acid synthesis but retain an unusual acyl carrier protein required for stability of the core iron-sulfur cluster biogenesis complex.
    1. Neuroscience

    NHE6 depletion corrects ApoE4-mediated synaptic impairments and reduces amyloid plaque load

    Theresa Pohlkamp et al.
    Genetic disruption of sodium-hydrogen exchanger 6 (NHE6) reduces amyloid plaques in humanized Alzheimer's disease mouse models and restores normal synaptic responses to neuromodulatory input in humanized ApoE4-expressing animals.
    1. Plant Biology

    A novel bivalent chromatin associates with rapid induction of camalexin biosynthesis genes in response to a pathogen signal in Arabidopsis

    Kangmei Zhao et al.
    A previously uncharacterized type of bivalent chromatin plays an important role controlling the timely induction of genes involved in making a potent defense metabolite upon a pathogen signal in Arabidopsis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Myopalladin knockout mice develop cardiac dilation and show a maladaptive response to mechanical pressure overload

    Maria Carmela Filomena et al.
    Ablation of the sarcomeric protein myopalladin (MYPN), associated with human cardiomyopathies, results in dilated cardiomyopathy, which is severely aggravated by biomechanical stress, suggesting that skeletal myopathy patients carrying MYPN loss-of-function mutations may develop cardiomyopathy under conditions of cardiac stress.
    1. Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An open label randomized controlled trial of tamoxifen combined with amphotericin B and fluconazole for cryptococcal meningitis

    Nguyen Thi Thuy Ngan et al.
    Despite evidence of significant anti-cryptococcal activity in vitro and animal models, including synergy with other antifungal agents, high-dose tamoxifen has no impact on cerebrospinal fluid sterilization in cryptococcal meningitis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Septal cholinergic input to CA2 hippocampal region controls social novelty discrimination via nicotinic receptor-mediated disinhibition

    Domenico Pimpinella et al.
    Acetylcholine, released from cholinergic fibers originating from the medial septum, shapes social memory, and controls the CA2 hippocampal circuit via nicotinic receptors localized on GABAergic interneurons.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Virophages and retrotransposons colonize the genomes of a heterotrophic flagellate

    Thomas Hackl et al.
    Mutualistic viruses called virophages are common genome inhabitants of a marine protist, where they may protect host populations from giant viruses.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Multicolor fluorescence fluctuation spectroscopy in living cells via spectral detection

    Valentin Dunsing et al.
    Fluorescence fluctuation spectroscopy is implemented for detection of up to four molecular species, allowing users to quantify molecular interactions and stoichiometry of multicomponent complexes in live cells, in a wide range of biological processes, from membrane signaling to viral assembly.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    mRNA vaccine-induced T cells respond identically to SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern but differ in longevity and homing properties depending on prior infection status

    Jason Neidleman et al.
    COVID-19 mRNA vaccine-elicited T cells recognize variants of concern and phenotypically differ depending on number of vaccine doses and prior SARS-CoV-2 infection status.

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