4,923 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Dorsal raphe nucleus to anterior cingulate cortex 5-HTergic neural circuit modulates consolation and sociability

    Laifu Li et al.
    Inhibition of 5-HT neurons in the dorsal raphe nuclei or 5-HT terminals in the anterior cingulate cortex decreased consolation-like behaviors and reduced sociability.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    The molecular coupling between substrate recognition and ATP turnover in a AAA+ hexameric helicase loader

    Neha Puri et al.
    Structure-guided biochemistry defines how the coupling between nucleic acid substrate binding and ATPase activity is used by a molecular switch to load ring-shaped motor proteins onto single-stranded DNA.
    1. Neuroscience

    ß-arrestin 2 germline knockout does not attenuate opioid respiratory depression

    Iris Bachmutsky et al.
    The key mechanism for opioid-like biased agonists to provide analgesia but not respiratory depression does not involve ß-arrestin 2.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spatially displaced excitation contributes to the encoding of interrupted motion by a retinal direction-selective circuit

    Jennifer Ding et al.
    The direction-selective circuit in the retina adjusts the contributions of excitatory and inhibitory mechanisms under different stimulus conditions to generate context-dependent neural representations of visual features.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Plexin-B2 controls the timing of differentiation and the motility of cerebellar granule neurons

    Eljo Van Battum et al.
    3D imaging and time-lapse video-microscopy show that the PlexinB2 receptor controls the tempo of granule cell differentiation and sets the pace of their migration in mouse cerebellum.
    1. Neuroscience

    Attenuated dopamine signaling after aversive learning is restored by ketamine to rescue escape actions

    Mingzheng Wu et al.
    Interconnected ventral tegmental area and medial prefrontal cortex circuits causally link dopamine dynamics, aversive learning, and the effects of a promising rapidly acting antidepressant ketamine.
    1. Neuroscience

    Antidepressants: Where ketamine and dopamine collide

    David J Marcus, Michael R Bruchas
    Ketamine strengthens connections between two brain regions that are involved in the production and regulation of dopamine, which may explain how the drug can alleviate depression.
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    1. Cell Biology

    Conformational specificity of opioid receptors is determined by subcellular location irrespective of agonist

    Stephanie E Crilly et al.
    A GPCR activated by the same agonist engages different conformational biosensors at different subcellular locations, suggesting that location-based conformations drive spatial encoding of signaling.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Kv1.1 channels regulate early postnatal neurogenesis in mouse hippocampus via the TrkB signaling pathway

    Shu-Min Chou et al.
    Kv1.1 potassium channels regulate postnatal neurogenesis in the hippocampus via increasing the membrane excitability that activates the TrkB signaling pathway in a cell-autonomous manner.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Cell Biology

    Mechanical heterogeneity along single cell-cell junctions is driven by lateral clustering of cadherins during vertebrate axis elongation

    Robert J Huebner et al.
    Very local molecular patterns impart precise changes in the local mechanics of individual cell-cell junctions.

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