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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Beta-catenin signaling regulates barrier-specific gene expression in circumventricular organ and ocular vasculatures

    Yanshu Wang et al.
    Elevating beta-catenin signaling converts endothelial cells in typically fenestrated central nervous system vasculature to a blood-brain barrier (BBB) phenotype and promotes a BBB gene expression program and chromatin landscape.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure and function of the Smoothened extracellular domain in vertebrate Hedgehog signaling

    Sigrid Nachtergaele et al.
    A cysteine-rich domain within the Smoothened receptor may represent a novel therapeutic target for cancers caused by abnormal functioning of the Hedgehog signaling pathway.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Small-Molecule Inhibitors: Disrupting enzyme fluidity

    Ganesh Srinivasan Anand
    A combination of X-ray crystallography, NMR, and mass spectrometry has revealed how diverse small-molecule inhibitors bind Bruton’s tyrosine kinase and alter the conformation of this enzyme.
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    1. Cell Biology

    A small-molecule ICMT inhibitor delays senescence of Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome cells

    Xue Chen et al.
    Knockout of the methyltransferase ICMT prevents progerin methylation and improves survival in mice with Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) and an ICMT inhibitor delays senescence and stimulates proliferation of HGPS cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Chemical and structural investigation of the paroxetine-human serotonin transporter complex

    Jonathan A Coleman et al.
    Structural and biochemical analysis of the mechanism of paroxetine binding to the serotonin transporter provides a framework for transporter inhibition and design of small-molecule inhibitors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Small molecule cognitive enhancer reverses age-related memory decline in mice

    Karen Krukowski et al.
    Inhibition of the integrated stress response restores neuronal and immune dysfunction and alleviates memory deficits in aged mice.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A balance of positive and negative regulators determines the pace of the segmentation clock

    Guy Wiedermann et al.
    Computational modelling together with experimental manipulation indicate that the stability and turnover of activated Notch is inextricably linked to the regulation of the pace of segmentation clock gene expression in the presomitic mesoderm.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Profiling of myristoylation in Toxoplasma gondii reveals an N-myristoylated protein important for host cell penetration

    Malgorzata Broncel et al.
    Myristoylation of a secreted protein, identified in a global myristoylation analysis of the eukaryotic parasite Toxoplasma gondii, is important for host cell invasion.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Bladder-cancer-associated mutations in RXRA activate peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors to drive urothelial proliferation

    Angela M Halstead et al.
    Bladder-cancer-associated RXRA mutations were found to stimulate urothelial proliferation through a mechanism susceptible to small molecule inhibitors of Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors, credentialing a new class of targetable drivers of bladder cancer.