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    1. Neuroscience

    Innate Behavior: Flies spring a surprise

    Johanna M Kobler, Ilona C Grunwald Kadow
    A combination of genetic, anatomical and physiological techniques has revealed that the lateral horn, a region of the brain involved in olfaction in flies, has many more types of neurons than expected.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Science Forum: Donated chemical probes for open science

    Susanne Müller et al.
    A collaboration between several pharmaceutical companies provides a unique resource of high-quality chemical probes and associated data from the companies to the academic community.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Microscopy: Imaging far and wide

    Raghav K Chhetri, Philipp J Keller
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    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Chemical modulation of transcriptionally enriched signaling pathways to optimize the conversion of fibroblasts into neurons

    Joseph Herdy et al.
    An unbiased RNAseq based strategy to identify targetable pathways and a streamlined lentiviral system provide a state of the art advance on direct fibroblast to neuron conversion.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The role of structural pleiotropy and regulatory evolution in the retention of heteromers of paralogs

    Axelle Marchant et al.
    Regulatory evolution allows paralogs to escape from strucural pleiotropy.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Sexual transmission of murine papillomavirus (MmuPV1) in Mus musculus

    Megan E Spurgeon, Paul F Lambert
    MmuPV1, a papillomavirus that infects laboratory mice (Mus musculus), is discovered to be sexually transmitted, providing a new animal virus model to study sexually transmitted human papillomaviruses (HPVs).
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Herpesviral lytic gene functions render the viral genome susceptible to novel editing by CRISPR/Cas9

    Hyung Suk Oh et al.
    CRISPR genome editing technology can efficiently introduce mutations into lytic and latent HSV genomes to block lytic replication and reactivation of latent herpes simplex virus genome though differential mechanisms.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Pressure-driven release of viral genome into a host nucleus is a mechanism leading to herpes infection

    Alberto Brandariz-Nuñez et al.
    Internal DNA pressure of tens of atmospheres inside a herpesvirus capsid powers ejection of the viral genome into a cell nucleus, causing infection.