815 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Super-resolution imaging of synaptic and Extra-synaptic AMPA receptors with different-sized fluorescent probes

    Sang Hak Lee et al.
    Small probes show that most AMPA receptors are constrained near or in the synapses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Separable pupillary signatures of perception and action during perceptual multistability

    Jan W Brascamp et al.
    When conscious visual perception changes, the observer's pupils simultaneously signal the accompanying change in visual cortical representation, and specific neuromodulatory activity that helps translate the altered visual experience into behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Processing of motion boundary orientation in macaque V2

    Heng Ma et al.
    Area V2 in macaque monkeys contributes to the perception of the outlines of moving objects and achieves this through a local computation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Efficient sampling and noisy decisions

    Joseph A Heng et al.
    An efficient coding theory for higher-level cognitive processes reveals that humans efficiently adapt to contextual distributions by economizing on environmental prior information.
    1. Neuroscience

    The perception and misperception of optical defocus, shading, and shape

    Scott WJ Mooney et al.
    The human visual system uses sharp edges to distinguish a smooth, shaded surface from a surface blurred by optical defocus.
    1. Neuroscience

    A predictive focus of gain modulation encodes target trajectories in insect vision

    Steven D Wiederman et al.
    Visual neurons in the dragonfly predict the path of a moving target, even when it is occluded or crosses from one eye to the other.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Molecular mechanism to target the endosomal Mon1-Ccz1 GEF complex to the pre-autophagosomal structure

    Jieqiong Gao et al.
    The endosomal GEF Mon1-Ccz1 binds to Atg8 on autophagosomes, and recruits its substrate, the Rab7-like Ypt7, which then mediates fusion of the autophagosomes with the lysosome.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Microsaccadic sampling of moving image information provides Drosophila hyperacute vision

    Mikko Juusola et al.
    New experiments and theory reveal how the ability to see image details depends upon photoreceptor function and eye movements, and how fruit flies (Drosophila) see spatial details beyond the optical limit of their compound eyes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Frontal eye field and caudate neurons make different contributions to reward-biased perceptual decisions

    Yunshu Fan et al.
    In monkeys making decisions that balance noisy evidence and reward expectation, frontal cortical and caudate activity reflect different computational components that are related to the monkeys' strategy.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Chromosome organization by one-sided and two-sided loop extrusion

    Edward J Banigan et al.
    Seemingly contradictory findings of single-molecule and in vivo experiments on a major mechanism of chromosome organization are reconciled by computationally investigating mechanisms of loop extrusion that are consistent with both.

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