8,557 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Decoupling sensory from decisional choice biases in perceptual decision making

    Daniel Linares et al.
    Perceptual decision making, even in simple scenarios, is affected by sensory and decisional choice biases.
    1. Neuroscience

    Calcium dynamics regulating the timing of decision-making in C. elegans

    Yuki Tanimoto et al.
    A series of quantitative behavioural and opto-physiological analyses using a novel robot microscope system reveals that C. elegans computes the time-differential and time-integral of sensory information for decision-making during olfactory navigation.
    1. Neuroscience

    A circuit mechanism for decision-making biases and NMDA receptor hypofunction

    Sean Edward Cavanagh et al.
    Ketamine, an NMDA receptor antagonist and experimental model for schizophrenia, produces decision-making deficits in monkeys, which are predicted by a lowering of cortical excitation-inhibition balance in a spiking circuit model.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopaminergic modulation of the exploration/exploitation trade-off in human decision-making

    Karima Chakroun et al.
    Dopamine attenuates exploration during decision-making via a reduction of neural tracking of uncertainty.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mesolimbic dopamine projections mediate cue-motivated reward seeking but not reward retrieval in rats

    Briac Halbout et al.
    Inhibiting ventral tegmental dopamine neurons, or their inputs to nucleus accumbens, disrupts cue-motivated reward seeking in a manner that depends on the microstructure of behavior.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The hazards of smoking and the benefits of cessation: a critical summation of the epidemiological evidence in high-income countries

    Prabhat Jha
    Cumulatively, from 1950 to 2015, smoking-related disease has been the biggest cause of premature death in high-income countries, with elevated risks of smoking continuing well into the 21st century.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    From behavior to circuit modeling of light-seeking navigation in zebrafish larvae

    Sophia Karpenko et al.
    Light-seeking strategies in Zebrafish larvae are dissected using a virtual-reality assay, and these data are used to establish minimal stochastic and neural-circuits models that quantitatively capture this behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    The role of premature evidence accumulation in making difficult perceptual decisions under temporal uncertainty

    Ciara A Devine et al.
    Temporal uncertainty interferes with the timely onset of evidence accumulation in perceptual decision making prompting the brain to rely instead on statistical regularities in the temporal structure of the environment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Behavioural and neural signatures of perceptual decision-making are modulated by pupil-linked arousal

    Jochem van Kempen et al.
    A direct relationship between pupil diameter and electrophysiological correlates of attention, sensory stimulus processing and target detection was observed demonstrating that arousal has a substantial influence on perceptual decision-making.
    1. Neuroscience

    Metacontrol of decision-making strategies in human aging

    Florian Bolenz et al.
    Older adults show reduced adaptation of decision-making strategies to dynamically changing situational demands.

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