899 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar climbing fibers encode expected reward size

    Noga Larry et al.
    Electrophysiological recordings in monkeys reveal that cerebellar complex spikes encode future reward size when reward information is first made available, but not during reward delivery or smooth pursuit eye movement.
    1. Neuroscience

    Principles of operation of a cerebellar learning circuit

    David J Herzfeld et al.
    Quantitative analysis of behavior coupled with computational modeling reveal the set of circuit-level principles that underlie cerebellar-dependent motor learning in smooth pursuit eye movements of monkeys across timescales.
    1. Neuroscience

    Interaction of plasticity and circuit organization during the acquisition of cerebellum-dependent motor learning

    Yan Yang, Stephen G Lisberger
    During learning, one climbing fiber input instructs plasticity that is expressed in the simple-spike responses of cerebellar Purkinje cells, and causes neural learning that may inhibit future climbing fiber instructions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mechanisms that allow cortical preparatory activity without inappropriate movement

    Timothy R Darlington, Stephen G Lisberger
    The use of preparatory activity in the smooth eye movement region of the frontal eye fields as a visual-motor gain signal allows preparation to progress without inappropriate movement.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct spatial coordinate of visual and vestibular heading signals in macaque FEFsem and MSTd

    Lihua Yang, Yong Gu
    In both frontal and temporal–parietal visual cortices of macaque, distinct spatial coordinates of visual and vestibular signals are predominantly eye centered and head centered, respectively.
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    Range-dependent flexibility in the acoustic field of view of echolocating porpoises (Phocoena phocoena)

    Danuta M Wisniewska et al.
    Harbor porpoises dynamically control biosonar field of view as they track and capture prey, focusing the beam through deformations to the melon.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopaminergic and opioidergic regulation during anticipation and consumption of social and nonsocial rewards

    Sebastian Korb et al.
    Administration of dopamine and opioid receptor antagonists resulted in reduced reward anticipation (effort and increased negative facial reactions), but only administration of opioid antagonists resulted in reduced liking (facial reactions).
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Increased longevity due to sexual activity in mole-rats is associated with transcriptional changes in the HPA stress axis

    Arne Sahm et al.
    The fact that sexual activity/reproduction doubles the lifespan of certain rodent species is most likely linked to critical changes in the regulation of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal stress axis.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Saccadic suppression as a perceptual consequence of efficient sensorimotor estimation

    Frédéric Crevecoeur, Konrad P Kording
    Neural computations necessary for efficient control of saccades capture the phenomenon of saccadic suppression, which suggests that neural resources are shared for perception and control.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dynamics of gaze control during prey capture in freely moving mice

    Angie M Michaiel et al.
    During natural visual behavior in mice, orienting towards a target is driven by head movements, during which the eyes stabilize and shift the visual input.

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