959 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure and function of the Smoothened extracellular domain in vertebrate Hedgehog signaling

    Sigrid Nachtergaele et al.
    A cysteine-rich domain within the Smoothened receptor may represent a novel therapeutic target for cancers caused by abnormal functioning of the Hedgehog signaling pathway.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Cholesterol activates the G-protein coupled receptor Smoothened to promote Hedgehog signaling

    Giovanni Luchetti et al.
    Cholesterol regulates cell-cell communication by activating the Hedgehog pathway, a central signaling system in development, regeneration and cancer.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Patched1 and Patched2 inhibit Smoothened non-cell autonomously

    Brock Roberts et al.
    Ptch1/2 can lower the sensitivity of Smo to activation by Shh via the secretion of a sterol precursor.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Cholesterol accessibility at the ciliary membrane controls hedgehog signaling

    Maia Kinnebrew et al.
    The patched hedgehog receptor inhibits the transmembrane transducer smoothened by reducing the accessibility of cholesterol locally at the membrane of the primary cilium.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Near-atomic structures of the BBSome reveal the basis for BBSome activation and binding to GPCR cargoes

    Shuang Yang et al.
    Membrane recruitment of BBSome is coupled to a conformational change, and interaction of the BBSome with GPCR cargoes depends on the GPCRs releasing their amphipathic helix 8 from the membrane.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Hedgehog signaling is a potent regulator of liver lipid metabolism and reveals a GLI-code associated with steatosis

    Madlen Matz-Soja et al.
    The Hedgehog signalling pathway is a master regulator of lipid metabolic processes and their zonation in the adult liver of mice and humans.
    1. Cell Biology

    Single molecule imaging reveals a major role for diffusion in the exploration of ciliary space by signaling receptors

    Fan Ye et al.
    Membrane receptor proteins move through primary cilia largely by passive diffusion rather than by active intraflagellar transport.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Non-canonical Hedgehog signaling regulates spinal cord and muscle regeneration in Xenopus laevis larvae

    Andrew M Hamilton et al.
    Unlike in early embryonic development, injured spinal cord and muscle in Xenopus laevis larvae recruit non-canonical Hedgehog signaling essential for their regeneration, while repressing Gli transcriptional activity.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Developmental Biology

    Structure and functional properties of Norrin mimic Wnt for signalling with Frizzled4, Lrp5/6, and proteoglycan

    Tao-Hsin Chang et al.
    The crystal structure of Norrie Disease Protein in complex with the extracellular cysteine-rich domain of Frizzled4 receptor and sucrose octasulfate reveals binding sites for Frizzled4, low density lipoprotein receptor related protein 5/6, and proteoglycan.

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