1,551 results found
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Genes and Chromosomes

    A universal vector concept for a direct genotyping of transgenic organisms and a systematic creation of homozygous lines

    Frederic Strobl et al.
    In transgenesis assays involving diploid model organisms, two clearly distinguishable transformation markers embedded in interweaved, but incompatible Lox site pairs allow the systematic creation of homozygous transgenic lines and minimize the number of wasted animals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Entorhinal cortex receptive fields are modulated by spatial attention, even without movement

    Niklas Wilming et al.
    Moving covert attention can activate spatial representations in the Entorhinal cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Encoding sensory and motor patterns as time-invariant trajectories in recurrent neural networks

    Vishwa Goudar, Dean V Buonomano
    A recurrent network model trained to transcribe temporally scaled spoken digits into handwritten digits proposes that the brain flexibly encodes time-varying stimuli as neural trajectories that can be traversed at different speeds.
    1. Neuroscience

    Early structural and functional plasticity alterations in a susceptibility period of DYT1 dystonia mouse striatum

    Marta Maltese et al.
    Structural and functional striatal synaptic plasticity abnormalities occur early in a sensitive developmental period, representing a potential unique endophenotypic traits that increase the risk of manifesting clinical symptoms in DYT1 mutation carriers.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Pi-Pi contacts are an overlooked protein feature relevant to phase separation

    Robert McCoy Vernon et al.
    Statistics on the frequencies of pi interactions in folded protein structures enable successful prediction of intrinsically disordered protein phase separation, with clear implications for a physical understanding of cellular organization.
    1. Cell Biology

    Rab5 and Alsin regulate stress-activated cytoprotective signaling on mitochondria

    FoSheng Hsu et al.
    Oxidative stress leads to the translocation of Rab5 from endosome to mitochondria, regulated by ALS/Alsin, a component associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, leading to mitochondrial-endosomal physical contacts and a cytoprotective response.
    1. Neuroscience

    Temporal transitions of spontaneous brain activity

    Zhiwei Ma, Nanyin Zhang
    Analysis of resting-state fMRI data revealed nonrandom temporal transitions between spontaneous brain activity patterns in both awake rats and humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Alterations of in vivo CA1 network activity in Dp(16)1Yey Down syndrome model mice

    Matthieu Raveau et al.
    CA1 physiology is altered in the hippocampus of Down syndrome mice during both spatial exploration and rest, paralleled by an increase in populations of interneurons responsible for single cell and network synchronization.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Gq activity- and β-arrestin-1 scaffolding-mediated ADGRG2/CFTR coupling are required for male fertility

    Dao-Lai Zhang et al.
    ADGRG2, an orphan GPCR, when coupled to CFTR via a regional Gq signaling on the apical membrane, acts to regulate efferent duct fluid reabsorption making it essential for male fertility.
    1. Neuroscience

    PTEN negatively regulates the cell lineage progression from NG2+ glial progenitor to oligodendrocyte via mTOR-independent signaling

    Estibaliz González-Fernández et al.
    OPC-specific genetic inhibition of Akt upstream and downstream molecules in the mouse, and simultaneous OPC fate analysis reveal that PTEN-AKT-GSK3b forms a persistent negative signaling pathway for OL development, in parallel with the AKT-mTORC1 pathway.

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