1,800 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Early alterations of social brain networks in young children with autism

    Holger Franz Sperdin et al.
    Toddlers with autism spectrum disorders have alterations in gaze patterns together with frequency specific network atypicalities between key brain areas of the social brain when freely exploring naturalistic and ecologically valid dynamic social stimuli.
    1. Neuroscience

    Autism: Exploring the social brain

    John P Welsh, Annette M Estes
    How does the brain physiology of young children with autism differ from that of typically-developing children?.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Cognitive regulation alters social and dietary choice by changing attribute representations in domain-general and domain-specific brain circuits

    Anita Tusche, Cendri A Hutcherson
    Regulatory success operates by goal-consistent increases and decreases of distinct attribute representations in generic neural hubs and in domain-specific brain regions, explaining when and why regulatory success generalizes across domains and contexts.
    1. Neuroscience

    On cross-frequency phase-phase coupling between theta and gamma oscillations in the hippocampus

    Robson Scheffer-Teixeira, Adriano BL Tort
    Phase-locking of hippocampal theta and gamma waves has been proposed to support memory formation, but an analysis using robust statistical methods finds no convincing evidence for the phenomenon.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The laminar organization of the Drosophila ellipsoid body is semaphorin-dependent and prevents the formation of ectopic synaptic connections

    Xiaojun Xie et al.
    The organization of layered/laminated axon projections in specific regions of the fruitfly central brain is regulated by short-range repulsive guidance and is critical for local inhibitory circuit formation and function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inhibitory control of correlated intrinsic variability in cortical networks

    Carsen Stringer et al.
    A new cortical network model fit directly to multi-neuron recordings reveals that local inhibitory feedback can control neural dynamics, modulate brain state and enhance sensory processing.
    1. Neuroscience

    A hierarchy of timescales explains distinct effects of local inhibition of primary visual cortex and frontal eye fields

    Luca Cocchi et al.
    The selective effect of local inhibition on diffuse patterns of brain connectivity can be accounted for by an intrinsic hierarchical ordering of cortical timescales.
    1. Neuroscience

    Thalamic reticular nucleus induces fast and local modulation of arousal state

    Laura D Lewis et al.
    A neural circuit that can selectively induce sleep-like patterns in small regions of the brain demonstrates how sleep and arousal states may be controlled in local brain regions.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Signals from the brain and olfactory epithelium control shaping of the mammalian nasal capsule cartilage

    Marketa Kaucka et al.
    The brain and olfactory epithelium play a key role in pattering chondrogenic areas in the developing face, which is partly based on the release of SHH from neurosensory structures into the facial mesenchyme.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rules and mechanisms for efficient two-stage learning in neural circuits

    Tiberiu Teşileanu et al.
    Teaching signals from "tutor" brain areas should be adapted to the plasticity mechanisms in "student" areas to achieve efficient learning in two-stage systems such as the vocal control circuit of the songbird.

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