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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Signals from the brain and olfactory epithelium control shaping of the mammalian nasal capsule cartilage

    Marketa Kaucka et al.
    The brain and olfactory epithelium play a key role in pattering chondrogenic areas in the developing face, which is partly based on the release of SHH from neurosensory structures into the facial mesenchyme.
    1. Neuroscience

    Brain-wide mapping of neural activity controlling zebrafish exploratory locomotion

    Timothy W Dunn et al.
    Whole-brain activity imaging in larval zebrafish reveals brain regions that influence patterns of spontaneous movement to increase local exploration efficiency.
    1. Neuroscience

    BDNF-TrkB signaling in oxytocin neurons contributes to maternal behavior

    Kristen R Maynard et al.
    Brain-derived neurotrophic factor signaling plays a causal role in female-typical social behavior and modulates oxytocin neuron gene expression.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A simple generative model of the mouse mesoscale connectome

    Sid Henriksen et al.
    A realistic model of the connections between local populations of neurons in the adult mouse brain can be constructed based on just two biologically plausible rules.
    1. Neuroscience

    Anxiety dissociates the adaptive functions of sensory and motor response enhancements to social threats

    Marwa El Zein et al.
    Social threats trigger enhanced neural representations within 200 milliseconds in sensory and motor systems of the human brain as a function of anxiety, highlighting its adaptive function in reacting rapidly to dangers in the environment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Vocalization–whisking coordination and multisensory integration of social signals in rat auditory cortex

    Rajnish P Rao et al.
    Snout-to-snout contact modulates the response of rat auditory cortex to calls from other animals, indicating that the multisensory nature of social interaction is directly represented in the rat brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Intracortical Microstimulation: Regaining the senses of touch and movement

    Victor de Lafuente
    Artificially activating certain neurons in the cortex can make a tetraplegic patient feel naturalistic sensations of skin pressure and arm movement.
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  1. Point of view: Motivating participation in open science by examining researcher incentives

    Sarah E Ali-Khan et al.
    A survey of researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital provides insights into the challenges and opportunities involved in adopting an open science policy across an entire patient-oriented academic institution.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    2018 Gairdner Awards: The past, present and future of light-gated ion channels and optogenetics

    Sheena A Josselyn
    Research into light-gated ion channels called channelrhodospins laid the foundations for the development of optogenetics, a technique that has gone on to revolutionize neuroscience.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning: The cerebellum influences vocal timing

    Court Hull
    We are starting to understand how the cerebellum contributes to vocal learning in songbirds.
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