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    1. Neuroscience

    A causal role for right frontopolar cortex in directed, but not random, exploration

    Wojciech K Zajkowski et al.
    Disruption of right frontopolar cortex with transcranial magnetic stimulation causes selective deficits in exploratory behavior suggesting that different strategies of exploration are implemented by different neural circuits.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural dynamics between anterior insular cortex and right supramarginal gyrus dissociate genuine affect sharing from perceptual saliency of pretended pain

    Yili Zhao et al.
    Seeing others genuinely experiencing pain vs. pretending to be in pain is distinctively tracked by neural processes related to affect sharing and self-other distinction, enabling individuals to precisely respond to others’ actual emotions and needs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Private–public mappings in human prefrontal cortex

    Dan Bang et al.
    A distinction between private and public aspects of mental states is reflected in a medial-lateral division of human prefrontal cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Different types of theta rhythmicity are induced by social and fearful stimuli in a network associated with social memory

    Alex Tendler, Shlomo Wagner
    Variations in the frequency of theta brain waves enable a single network of brain regions to generate appropriate responses to stimuli with different kinds of emotional value.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Uncovering the computational mechanisms underlying many-alternative choice

    Armin W Thomas et al.
    A comparison of different computational models reveals that looking behavior, during value-based choices from 9, 16, 25, or 36 snack foods, actively influences the subjective values of the available alternatives.
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    Individual recognition and the ‘face inversion effect’ in medaka fish (Oryzias latipes)

    Mu-Yun Wang, Hideaki Takeuchi
    Medaka fish were able to use faces for individual recognition, and were slower to recognise inverted faces but not inverted non-face shapes.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Positive and negative incentive contrasts lead to relative value perception in ants

    Stephanie Wendt et al.
    Relative value perception, a basic tenant of Behavioural Economics, is demonstrated in an insect, and further shown to be driven by cognitive processes and induced by private and social information.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Fitness variation across subtle environmental perturbations reveals local modularity and global pleiotropy of adaptation

    Grant Kinsler et al.
    A set of adaptive mutations affect only a small number of phenotypes that matter in the evolution condition, and yet contain substantial latent functional diversity revealed in distant environments.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mother brain is wired for social moments

    Ortal Shimon-Raz et al.
    Mother brain shows special sensitivity to social moments of mother-infant synchrony, compared to other caregiving experiences, through enhanced activation across the caregiving network, response to oxytocin administration, and temporal consistency.
    1. Neuroscience

    A quantitative theory of gamma synchronization in macaque V1

    Eric Lowet et al.
    Gamma-band synchronization behavior in area V1 was predicted by weakly coupled oscillator principles.