68 results found
    1. Ecology

    Climate-mediated cooperation promotes niche expansion in burying beetles

    Syuan-Jyun Sun et al.
    Cooperation enables burying beetles to outcompete flies and adapt to a wider range of temperatures as thermal generalists.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Connectomes: Mapping the mind of a fly

    Jason Pipkin
    Scientists have created the most detailed map of the fruit fly brain to date, identifying over 25,000 neurons and 20 million synapses.
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    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Cutting Edge: Changing the rules of the game

    Dan MacLean
    Genomics researchers have built a Facebook game that allows members of the public to join the effort to understand a disease that has killed millions of ash trees across Europe.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Bacterial contribution to genesis of the novel germ line determinant oskar

    Leo Blondel et al.
    Evidence suggests that the oskar gene, a critical germ line determinant in insects, was formed by fusion of bacterial and eukaryotic sequences at least 450 million years ago.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Layered roles of fruitless isoforms in specification and function of male aggression-promoting neurons in Drosophila

    Margot Wohl et al.
    Male-type aggressive and courtship behaviors of the fruit flies are differentially specified by two sex-determining genes, providing a substrate for the evolution to sculpt these two behaviors independently.
    1. Neuroscience

    Social structure learning in human anterior insula

    Tatiana Lau et al.
    A domain-general structure learning mechanism, supported by anterior insula, moves beyond explicit category labels and dyadic similarity as the sole inputs to social group representations and predicts ally-choice behavior.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Symptom evolution following the emergence of maize streak virus

    Adérito L Monjane et al.
    Phylogenetic analyses demonstrate an evolutionary trade-off between the amount of harm inflicted by a broad host-range virus and how effectively the virus positions itself within plants to enable onward transmission.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    Evidence for suppression of immunity as a driver for genomic introgressions and host range expansion in races of Albugo candida, a generalist parasite

    Mark McMullan et al.
    Hybridization and introgression blur species boundaries and broaden genetic diversity available for adaptation; and widespread introgression underpins the evolution of races of the generalist pathogen Albugo candida that specialise on different host plant species.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Antibacterial gene transfer across the tree of life

    Jason A Metcalf et al.
    Parallel horizontal gene transfer has spread a bacteriolytic gene family to all domains of life, and has bestowed a niche-transcending adaptation in recipients that must deploy antibacterial molecules to survive in a bacterial world.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Rapid diversification associated with a macroevolutionary pulse of developmental plasticity

    Vladislav Susoy et al.
    Evolutionary novelty is promoted by a macroevolutionary pulse of developmental plasticity, but is enhanced by secondary fixation, which permits developmental character release and further morphological exploration.

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