3,083 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The evolution of adhesiveness as a social adaptation

    Thomas Garcia et al.
    Mathematical modeling supports a scenario where cell-cell adhesion gradually evolves through natural selection, leading to the emergence of cohesive aggregates in microbial populations.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Shearing in flow environment promotes evolution of social behavior in microbial populations

    Gurdip Uppal, Dervis Can Vural
    Shearing in fluid flow induces or enhances budding dispersal in microbial populations, resulting in stronger cooperative behavior.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Genes associated with ant social behavior show distinct transcriptional and evolutionary patterns

    Alexander S Mikheyev, Timothy A Linksvayer
    Genes associated with age-based division of labor in ants exist in distinct regulatory and evolutionary contexts; genes up-regulated in young nurses are loosely connected and rapidly evolving while genes up-regulated in old foragers are highly connected and conserved.
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    Select forelimb muscles have evolved superfast contractile speed to support acrobatic social displays

    Matthew J Fuxjager et al.
    In situ measurements of muscular twitch speed reveal one of the fastest vertebrate limb muscles on record, which evolved in association with extravagant courtship displays that include rapid limb movements.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Destructive disinfection of infected brood prevents systemic disease spread in ant colonies

    Christopher D Pull et al.
    Upon detecting a fatal infection using chemical cues, ants puncture the cuticle of sick brood and inject antimicrobial poison that disrupts the pathogen's life cycle and prevents it from reproducing, thus protecting the colony from disease.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Evolved differences in larval social behavior mediated by novel pheromones

    Joshua D Mast et al.
    A novel pheromone/receptor neuron pair mediates attraction between Drosophila larvae, and evolved differences in pheromone signaling underlie changes in social behavior between drosophilid species.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural and computational processes underlying dynamic changes in self-esteem

    Geert-Jan Will et al.
    Self-esteem, the value that people ascribe to the self, is represented in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex and dynamically updated when people learn how others value them.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Oral transfer of chemical cues, growth proteins and hormones in social insects

    Adria C LeBoeuf et al.
    The socially exchanged fluid passed mouth-to-mouth during trophallaxis contains molecules that can influence development, potentially mediating communal control of colony phenotypes.
    1. Ecology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Spatial dilemmas of diffusible public goods

    Benjamin Allen et al.
    A simple model reveals the roles of colony geometry and diffusion rate in allowing microbes to cooperate by sharing public goods.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Model-based local density sharpening of cryo-EM maps

    Arjen J Jakobi et al.
    Local sharpening of cryo-electron microscopy maps using atomic models can increase the interpretability of densities in cases of resolution variation and facilitates model building and refinement.

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