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    1. Cell Biology

    Quantitative regulation of the dynamic steady state of actin networks

    Angelika Manhart et al.
    Cells are able to control the actin network length and steering by adjusting geometric, structural, or biochemical parameters such as ADF/Cofilin and actin concentrations, and network width.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural dynamics of visual ambiguity resolution by perceptual prior

    Matthew W Flounders et al.
    Neural dynamics during prior experience-guided visual ambiguity resolution reveal early stimulus-feature processing and late content-specific recognition processing involving large-scale brain networks.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Connexin-43-dependent ATP release mediates macrophage activation during sepsis

    Michel Dosch et al.
    Autocrine activation of macrophages is modulated by Connexin-43-mediated ATP release in response to TLR-4 and -2 agonists in a P2Y1-dependent manner, ultimately determining sepsis survival.
  1. Philosophy of Biology: Philosophical bias is the one bias that science cannot avoid

    Fredrik Andersen et al.
    Scientists should be aware of the non-empirical assumptions that influence all kinds of research.
    1. Plant Biology

    Multiple pairs of allelic MLA immune receptor-powdery mildew AVRA effectors argue for a direct recognition mechanism

    Isabel ML Saur et al.
    Allelic MLA immune receptors have an exceptional propensity to directly detect sequence-unrelated pathogen effectors and this feature might have facilitated functional diversification of the receptor in the host population.
    1. Plant Biology

    Arabidopsis RCD1 coordinates chloroplast and mitochondrial functions through interaction with ANAC transcription factors

    Alexey Shapiguzov et al.
    Signalling and metabolic interactions of the plant energy organelles, chloroplasts and mitochondria, depend on the nuclear regulatory protein RCD1.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A multicellular way of life for a multipartite virus

    Anne Sicard et al.
    A multipartite virus functionally spreads its distinct genome segments in distinct individual cells of the host plant, and complementation of the viral genes across cells allows a pluricellular infection cycle.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Stepwise activation mechanism of the scramblase nhTMEM16 revealed by cryo-EM

    Valeria Kalienkova et al.
    cryo-EM reveals the properties of distinct conformations occupied during activation of the lipid scramblase nhTMEM16 and provides new insights into its interactions with the lipid environment.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structures and functional characterization of the murine lipid scramblase TMEM16F

    Carolina Alvadia et al.
    While activated by a common mechanism, both functions in TMEM16F - lipid scrambling and ion conduction - are likely mediated by alternate protein conformations that are at equilibrium in the ligand-bound state.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Bim escapes displacement by BH3-mimetic anti-cancer drugs by double-bolt locking both Bcl-XL and Bcl-2

    Qian Liu et al.
    The pro-apoptotic BH3-protein Bim contains two distinct binding sites for anti-apoptotic proteins that together confer resistance of Bim/Bcl-2 and Bim/Bcl-XL complexes to BH3-mimetic drugs under development for use in humans.