563 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Eco-HAB as a fully automated and ecologically relevant assessment of social impairments in mouse models of autism

    Alicja Puścian et al.
    An innovative, fully computerized approach for measuring spontaneous social behavior in mice closely follows murine ethology, eliminates crucial sources of data irreproducibility and enables fast, inexpensive assessment of sociability in group-housed subjects.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Social interaction-induced activation of RNA splicing in the amygdala of microbiome-deficient mice

    Roman M Stilling et al.
    Social-interaction impairment in germ-free mice is associated with a markedly altered transcriptional response to social novelty in the amygdala, as characterised by replacement of upregulation of common stimulus-induced pathways with upregulation of the splicing machinery.
    1. Neuroscience

    Autism: Exploring the social brain

    John P Welsh, Annette M Estes
    How does the brain physiology of young children with autism differ from that of typically-developing children?.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Formation of retinal direction-selective circuitry initiated by starburst amacrine cell homotypic contact

    Thomas A Ray et al.
    Selective synapse formation in a retinal motion-sensitive circuit is orchestrated by starburst amacrine cells, which use homotypic interactions to initiate formation of a dendritic scaffold that recruits projections from circuit partners.
    1. Neuroscience

    Species-specific modulation of food-search behavior by respiration and chemosensation in Drosophila larvae

    Daeyeon Kim et al.
    In naturalistic conditions, larvae of the Drosophila group exhibit species-specific strategies to search for food resources through a primitive form of risk-taking behavior that is controlled by a tradeoff between exploitation and odor-driven exploration.
    1. Neuroscience

    Occurrence of long-term depression in the cerebellar flocculus during adaptation of optokinetic response

    Takuma Inoshita, Tomoo Hirano
    Motor training decreased the unit synaptic response and suppressed induction of long-term depression at parallel fiber to Purkinje cell synapses in the cerebellum, supporting involvement of long-term depression in motor learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Measurements and models of electric fields in the in vivo human brain during transcranial electric stimulation

    Yu Huang et al.
    Direct in-vivo measurements in the human brain test validity of detailed computational models of trancranial electric stimulation and show that electric fields in the brain are weaker than currently assumed.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Revised roles of ISL1 in a hES cell-based model of human heart chamber specification

    Roberto Quaranta et al.
    Loss and gain-of-function investigation uncovers a regulatory network controlling human heart chamber specification in which the cardiac precursor gene ISL1 accelerates ventricular induction and antagonizes retinoic acid-driven atrial commitment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mild myelin disruption elicits early alteration in behavior and proliferation in the subventricular zone

    Elizabeth A Gould et al.
    Mild myelin disruption leads to early axonal pathology, a novel pathological response in neural stem cells, regionally increased oligodendrocytes and altered behavior.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Mutations in L-type amino acid transporter-2 support SLC7A8 as a novel gene involved in age-related hearing loss

    Meritxell Espino Guarch et al.
    SLC7A8 a neutral amino acid transporter has a key role in the maintenance of hearing during aging and its absence causes early onset of hearing loss.

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