421 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Social Psychology: A mathematical look at empathy

    Naoki Masuda, Francisco C Santos
    When an individual makes a judgement about the actions of another individual, taking the latter's viewpoint into consideration enhances cooperation in society at large.
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    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of empathetic moral evaluation

    Arunas L Radzvilavicius et al.
    Empathy can evolve and foster cooperation in a game-theoretic analysis of behavior.
  1. Meta-Research: How significant are the public dimensions of faculty work in review, promotion and tenure documents?

    Juan P Alperin et al.
    An analysis of review, promotion and tenure documents from 129 US and Canadian universities suggests institutions could better fulfill their public missions by changing how they incentivize the public dimensions of faculty work.
  2. Research: Publication bias and the canonization of false facts

    Silas Boye Nissen et al.
    Publication bias, in which positive results are preferentially reported by authors and published by journals, can restrict the visibility of evidence against false claims and allow such claims to be canonized inappropriately as facts.
  3. Meta-Research: Large-scale language analysis of peer review reports

    Ivan Buljan et al.
    The linguistic characteristics of peer review reports are not influenced by research area, type of review or reviewer gender, which is evidence for the robustness of peer review.
  4. Research Culture: Setting the right tone

    Tanita Casci, Elizabeth Adams
    Improving the research culture of an institution may lead to a fairer, more rewarding and successful environment, but how do you start making changes?
  5. Meta-Research: Questionable research practices may have little effect on replicability

    Rolf Ulrich, Jeff Miller
    Although questionable research practices inflate false positive rates, they have little effect on replicability because they also increase power.
  6. Peer Review: Decisions, decisions

    Peter Rodgers
    Journals are exploring new approaches to peer review in order to reduce bias, increase transparency and respond to author preferences.
  7. Plain-language Summaries of Research: Something for everyone

    Sarah Shailes
    Journals and other scientific organizations produce a diverse variety of plain-language summaries.
    1. Neuroscience

    Social Neuroscience: How does social enrichment produce health benefits?

    Takefumi Kikusui
    Oxytocin appears to link social interaction and cell aging in rats, especially in females.
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